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«Stefan Münzer*, Hubert D. Zimmer*, Maximilian Schwalm*, Jörg Baus+ & Ilhan Aslan+ *Department of Psychology, Brain and Cognition Unit + German ...»

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378) to Hubert Zimmer. We wish to thank three anonymous reviewers for valuable comments on this paper. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Stefan Münzer or Hubert Zimmer, Dept. of Psychology, Saarland University, P. O. Box 151150, D-66041 Saarbrücken, Germany. Electronic mail should be addressed to s.muenzer@mx.unisaarland.de or huzimmer@mx.uni-saarland.de.

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Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 23 Table 1. Results of the route recognition test and the survey knowledge test.

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Figure 1. The roadmap of the real environment (a zoo) with the intersections of the route designed for the present study.

Figure 2. The navigation assistance conditions differing with respect to the modality of the direction command (auditory vs.

visual) and the presentation of an additional visual animation for providing spatial context; (a) visual command with spatial context, (b) auditory ommand with spatial context, (c) auditory command without spatial context.

Figure 3. Example of the materials used in the map condition for wayfinding (map fragment and photographs of intersections).

Figure 4. The route recognition test (example).

Participants could indicate the correct direction by clicking into one of the marked boxes.

Figure 5. The survey knowledge test (replacement task).

Figure 6. Result of the route memory test (mean percent error).

Vertical bars denote 95 % confidence intervals.

Figure 7. Result of the survey knowledge test (mean deviation in pixels).

Vertical bars denote 95 % confidence intervals.

Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 25 Fig. 1 Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 26 (a) (b)

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(c) Fig. 2 Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 27 Fig. 3 Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 28 Fig. 4 Computer Assisted Navigation and the Aquisition of Route and Survey Knowledge 29

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