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«PACS-classification: 84.60.-h, 89.30.-g, 98.62.En, 12.20.-m, 12.20.Ds, 12.20.Fv Summary of a Scientfic Work by Claus Wilhelm Turtur Germany, ...»

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104 5. Outlook to the future The electrostatic conversion of zero-point-energy was

- theoretically introduced in section 2.2,

- analyzed on the basis of quantum-theory in section 3.4,

- developed for a practical concept in section 4.1,

- and practically realized and experimentally verified in section 4.2, 4.3, 4.4 The magnetostatic conversion of zero-point-energy was

- theoretically introduced in section 2.3,

- analyzed on the basis of quantum-theory in section 3.4

- developed for a practical concept in section 5.1,

- but it could not be practically realized due to a lack technical possibilities in the lab.

In order to get a sensible comparison of the power-density (power of the engine per volume of space requested), a table was developed, which is printed on the next page. When we look to it, we will see, how much a magnetic zero-point-energy-converter can be smaller than a electrostatic zero-point-energy-converter. The difference is tremenduous. On the one hand, the electrostatic principle is hardly useful for economic application; on the other hand, the magnetic principle looks really useful and applicable with benefit not only for environment, but also for economy.

It should be mentioned that the consideration in the table following is developed as a fundamental principle consideration, applicable to all types of electric and magnetic zeropoint-energy-converters, because the energy-density under consideration is a fundamental feature of the fields themselves. It does not depend on the practical construction of a machine.

–  –  –

Interpretation and discussion of the table:

This is not a comparison of some special constructions of zero-point-energy-converters, but it is a comparison of the principle fundamental features of the fields, by which the conversion of zero-point-energy is done. Thus the comparison is independent of any concrete construction of a certain converter.

On this basis, we can discuss the question about the principle limit of the power of electric/magnetic/electromagnetic zero-point-energy-converters at all. This question is answered by Pel  11.9  105 per cm 2 converter-surface resp.

J s Pmag  4.77  1010 per cm 2 converter-surface.

J s More close to applications is the question is the question about the power density of a real existing device. We can discuss this question using to above electrostatic converter as a reference to give us an orientation for the power density of real existing zero-point-energyconverters.

Of course, it is clear, that different constructions, which will be invented by mankind, will reach to somewhat different values. Every practical engine may work more or less efficient.

Nevertheless, the electrostatic converter presented in this work here gives us a feeling, how efficient such a device may work.

On this background, let us now regard the above table line by line:

Line 1: Title, name of the principles in our comparison Line 2: Both are electromagnetic principles, both need electrostatic charge. In the electrostatic case, the mere existence of the charge is sufficient, but in the magnetic case, the charge must be in motion. But this motion does not require visible energy, because already the spin of the electron is such a motion.

Line 3: Typical formulas for the calculation of the fields, as can be found in text-books, such as for instance [Jac 81].

Line 4: Remarks regarding the creation of the fields without consuming energy permanently.

In both cases, methodes are state of the art, with which the field can initialized once, and after this is done, it will be maintained without consuming any further energy at all. Nevertheless the fields are emitted into the space permanently (with the speed of light) and thus fill the space permanently with energy due to their field-strength. (Fields contain energy.) The fieldsource are supplied with energy from the space itself, namely with the zero-point-energy of the fields, as explained in sections 2.2 and 2.3.

Line 5: This is the fundamental calculation of the power-density of the fields, independent from the concrete construction of a practical engine. The consideration can be understood as

follwing:

- The energy-density of each field can be calculated rather simple, using a factor of proportionality (which is a universal constant) and the square of the field-strength.

5.5. Outlook to imaginable applications 107

- The energy-density u is flowing into an area A with its speed of propagation c (which is the speed of light). Thus, the product of these three quantities gives the energy, which is flowing per time into this area, this is the power P flowing into the area A under consideration.

- This leads us to two values, which deliver the crucial comparison of the two systems:

● Pel  11.9  105 J per cm 2 converter-surface for electrostatic converters s

–  –  –

where the converter-surface is omitted.

The factor of a bit more than 40 000 is tremenduous. This is more than three and a half orders of magnitude. By this facotr, the volume of space differs between those both converterprinciples, the magnetic and electrostatic principle.





If we want to develop a feeling for the size of magnetic converter, we scale up and down all dimensions, length, width and height in the same way, each dimension by a bit more than one and a half orders of magnitude, exactely by a factor of 3 40084  34.2

–  –  –

Let us illustrate the difference:

- On the basis of an electrostatic principle, a 100kW-converter would be too large to be assembled inside a gymnasium. A football stadium would be large enough for two such converters, if would be accepted to install there two cylindrcal vacuumchambers with the height of a church-steeple.

- A magnetic 100kW-zero-point-energy-converter would need just few more space than a standard washing-machine. This can be assembled in everybodies cellar.

By the way, a magnetic zero-point-energy-converter can be realized much easier than an electrostatic one, because the magnetic principle does not require a vacuum-chamber, such a the electrostatic principle does.

–  –  –

6. Summary If the Theory of Relativity is taken serious, we have to accept that electrostatic same as magnetostatic DC-fields propagate not faster then with the speed of light, thus with finite speed. This means that the field of every field source together with its energy (of an electric charge of an electret in the way same as the field of a magnet) is not everywhere in the space at the same moment, but it fills the space beginning from its source. This conception does not depend on the question at which moment the field source (for instance the electric charge) has been “born” (which might have been happened at the “big bang”). Thus we see a flux energy coming out of the field source.

If this flux of field-energy into the space is analyzed quantitatively, a permanent continuous circulation of energy can be found, in which the space (often called “vacuum”) takes energy from the field and supplies field sources from this energy, which the field sources need in order to continue their emission of field-energy. By the way, it should be mentioned that the Standard model of Cosmology accepts the existence of vacuum-energy, even though Cosmology does not know the origin of this energy.

The central important point of the present work is to show how some energy can be extracted from this energy circulation, and how this energy extracted from the vacuum can be converted into classical mechanical energy. Therefore a special rotor has been developed, so that the theoretical concept was proven and verified experimentally.

The fundamental basics for the practical assembly of a rotor converting vacuum-energy can

be found within Electrodynamics:

- Classical Electrodynamics, with the additional information of the finite speed of propagation of the static fields, explains the technical working principle of the vacuumenergy rotor.

- Quantum Electrodynamics, with the additional postulate, that the waves of the zero point oscillations propagate with the same speed as all electromagnetic waves, explains the energy-density of the vacuum, as far as it is concerned with electric and magnetic fields.

Concrete values for the energy-density of the electromagnetic zero point oscillations have been calculated in the present work.

The principle has been successfully verified with a measurement of the machine power converted from vacuum-energy !

–  –  –

7. References

7.1. External Literature [Abr 92] The Laser interferometer gravitational wave observatory Alex Abramovici et.al., 1992. Science 256, S. 325-333 [Ace 02] Status of the VIRGO, F. Acernese et.al., 2002.

Classical and Quantum Gravity 19, S. 1421 [Ada 10] Motor by Robert Adams To be found at 2010 unter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adams_motor [And 02] Current Status of TAMA, M. Ando and the TAMA collaboration, 2002 Classical and Quantum Gravity 19, S. 1409 [Ans 08] Finite Element Program ANSYS, John Swanson (1970-2008) ANSYS, Inc. Software Products, http://www.ansys.com [Arg 95] J. Argyris, G. Faust und M. Haase (1995) Die Erforschung des Chaos, ViewegVerlag, ISBN 3-528-06685-7 [Bar 99] LIGO and the Detection of Gravitational Waves B. C. Barish und R. Weiss, Phys. Today 52 (Oct 1999), No.10, S. 44-50 [Bau 80] Thesta-Distatica, Paul Baumann, 1980 In 2010 at http://peswiki.com/index.php/PowerPedia:Testatika and at http://expliki.org/wiki/Paul_Baumann [Bea 02] Motionless Electromagnetic Generator, Tom Bearden et. al.

US Patent, 6,362,718 vom 26. März 2002 Inventors: Patrick L. Stephen, Thomas E. Bearden, James C. Hayes, Kenneth D. Moore, James L. Kenny In 2010 to be found at http://www.cheniere.org/ [Bec 05] Could dark energy be measured in the lab?

Christian Beck and Michael C. Mackey, Phys. Lett. B, V.605, (2005), p.295.

DOI:10.1016/j.physletb.2004.11.060 [Bec 06] Laboratory tests on dark Energy Christian Beck, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 31 (2006) 123-130 DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/31/1/021 [Bec 73] Theorie der Elektrizität, Richard Becker und Fritz Sauter Teubner Verlag. 1973. ISBN 3-519-23006-2 [Ber 71] Bergmann Schaefer, Lehrbuch der Experimentalphysik, Band 2 Heinrich Gobrecht et.al., Walter de Gruyter Verlag. 1971. ISBN 3-11-002090-0

110 7. References

[Ber 05] Bergmann-Schäfer Lehrbuch der Experimentalphysik, Band 6, Festkörper Rainer Kassing et. al., Walter de Gruyter Verlag. 2005. ISBN 3-11-017485-5 [Bes 12] http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Bessler http://www.besslerrad.de/html/bekannte_details.html [Bes 07] Structure of the photon and magnetic field induced birefringence and dichroism J. A. Beswick, C. Rizzo. 2007. arXiv:quant-ph/0702128v1, 13. Feb. 2007 [Bia 70] Nonlinear Effects in Quantum Electrodynamics. Photon Propagation and Photon Splitting in an external Field, Z.Bialynicka-Birula und I.Bialynicki-Birula Phys. Rev. D. 1970, Vol.2, No.10, page 2341 [Bla 91] Analytic results for the effective action Steven Blau, Matt Visser and Andreas Wipf Int. Journ. Mod. Phys. A 6 5408-5434 (1992) [Boe 07] Exploring the QED vacuum with laser interferometers Daniël Boer and Jan-Willem van Holten, arXiv:hep-ph/0204207v1, verschiedene Versionen von 17. April 2002 bis 1. Feb. 2008 [Boy 66..08] Timothy H. Boyer has a huge list of publications (Am. J. Phys., Il Nuovo Cimento, Ann. Phys., Phys. Rev., J. Math. Phys., Found. Phys. and many others), beginning in 1966 and going until 2008, it can be found at http://www.sci.ccny.cuny.edu/physics/faculty/boyer.htm For many well-known phenomena in quantum theory there are alternative derivations in the framework of stochastic electrodynamics, completely without the use of any quantum theory.

[Boy 80] A Brief Survey of Stochastic Electrodynamics, by Timothy Boyer Foundation of Radiation Theory and Quantum Electrodynamics Editor: A. O. Barut, Plenum, New York 1980.



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