WWW.BOOK.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Books, dissertations, abstract
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 25 |

«This PDF document was made available from as a public CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS service of the RAND Corporation. CIVIL JUSTICE EDUCATION ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

This PDF document was made available from www.rand.org as a public

CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

service of the RAND Corporation.

CIVIL JUSTICE

EDUCATION

ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

Jump down to document6

HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

POPULATION AND AGING

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit research

PUBLIC SAFETY

organization providing objective analysis and effective

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

solutions that address the challenges facing the public

SUBSTANCE ABUSE

and private sectors around the world.

TERRORISM AND

HOMELAND SECURITY

TRANSPORTATION AND

INFRASTRUCTURE

U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY

Support RAND Purchase this document Browse Books & Publications Make a charitable contribution For More Information Visit RAND at www.rand.org Explore the RAND National Defense Research Institute View document details Limited Electronic Distribution Rights This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law as indicated in a notice appearing later in this work. This electronic representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for non-commercial use only. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of our research documents for commercial use.

This product is part of the RAND Corporation monograph series. RAND monographs present major research findings that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND monographs undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

Attracting the Best How the Military Competes for Information Technology Personnel

JAMES R. HOSEK, MICHAEL G. MATTOCK, C. CHRISTINE FAIR,

JENNIFER KAVANAGH, JENNIFER SHARP, MARK TOTTEN

Supported by the Office of the Secretary of Defense Approved for public release; distribution unlimited The research described in this report was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies under Contract DASW01-01-C-0004.

–  –  –

Attracting the best : how the military competes for information technology personnel / James Hosek... [et al.].

p. cm.

“MG-108.” Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 0-8330-3550-9 (pbk. : alk. paper)

1. United States—Armed Forces—Recruiting, enlistment, etc. 2. Electronic data processing personnel— Recruiting—United States. I. Hosek, James R.

UB323.A85 2004 355.2'2362—dc22

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit research organization providing objective analysis and effective solutions that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors around the world. RAND’s publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.

R® is a registered trademark.

–  –  –

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from RAND.

–  –  –

In the final years of the 1990s, the private-sector demand for information technology (IT) workers seemed insatiable. IT unemployment was practically nonexistent, pay was high and rising fast, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics had forecast a far larger growth in IT jobs over the next decade than in any other occupational area. Leaders in the national security community began to doubt that the military, intelligence agencies, and public organizations would be able to compete for IT workers in such an increasingly tight labor market. This concern was intensified by the evolving nature of the military services and intelligence agencies and their increasing dependence on information technology. The scramble for IT workers has ceased, but it lasted long enough to jolt state and federal agencies into modifying their personnel policies to attract and keep IT personnel, e.g., through altered job classification systems, increased pay levels, and enhanced professional development opportunities. The IT boom also caused national security planners to question whether future force structures would be vulnerable to shortages of IT personnel.

This report addresses a component of this issue by focusing on the factors affecting the supply of IT personnel to the active duty enlisted force. In brief, the findings point to the conclusion that the IT training opportunities offered by the military can help secure the supply of IT personnel over the long haul. The intended audience of this report is the defense manpower policy research community; Pentagon analysts; congressional staffers; and command, control, communications, and intelligence staff who are interested in the supply of IT personnel.





The report was prepared under the sponsorship of the National Defense Research Institute Advisory Board, with cosponsorship from the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence. It was prepared within the Forces and Resources Policy Center of the RAND Corporation’s National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies.

Comments are welcome and may be addressed to the Project Leader, James Hosek, james_hosek@rand.org. For more information on RAND’s Forces and Resources Policy Center, contact the director, Susan Everingham, susan_everingham@rand.org, 310-393extension 7654.

iiiThe RAND Corporation Quality Assurance Process

Peer review is an integral part of all RAND research projects. Prior to publication, this document, as with all documents in the RAND monograph series, was subject to a quality

assurance process to ensure that the research meets several standards, including the following:

The problem is well formulated; the research approach is well designed and well executed;

the data and assumptions are sound; the findings are useful and advance knowledge; the implications and recommendations follow logically from the findings and are explained thoroughly; the documentation is accurate, understandable, cogent, and temperate in tone; the research demonstrates understanding of related previous studies; and the research is relevant, objective, independent, and balanced. Peer review is conducted by research professionals who were not members of the project team.

RAND routinely reviews and refines its quality assurance process and also conducts periodic external and internal reviews of the quality of its body of work. For additional details regarding the RAND quality assurance process, visit http://www.rand.org/standards/.

vContents

Preface

The RAND Corporation Quality Assurance Process

Figures

Tables

Summary

Acknowledgments

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction and Overview

Overview of Findings

The Literature Emphasizes the Impact of IT on the Economy and the Workforce but Is Ambiguous on the Question of a Potential Shortage of IT Workers

Interviews Shed Light on the Challenges Facing the Military in Recruiting, Training, and Developing the IT Workforce

Analysis of Data Indicates High Quality of IT Recruits, Lengthier Terms, and Lower Attrition.... 3 Conclusions: Restructuring IT Careers

Organization of This Report

CHAPTER TWO

Issues and Practices in Managing IT Occupations: Views from the Literature

Background: The Scope and Impact of IT Occupations

What Is an IT Occupation?

What Effect Has IT Had on the Economy?

What Effect Has IT Had on Wages?

IT Workers in the Private Sector

Views from the Popular Press

An IT Worker Shortage?

Development and Training of IT Workers

IT Manpower in the Federal Government

IT Careers in the Military

Observations

CHAPTER THREE

Evidence from Field Interviews on the Management of Enlisted IT Occupations................. 23 Methodology

Army

vii viii Attracting the Best: How the Military Competes for Information Technology Personnel Air Force

Structured Interviews

Army Interviews

IT Manpower in the Future Force: Requirements Generation Process

Assessing the Overall Health of the Unit: Recruitment and Retention

Recruitment and Retention: Incentives for Enlistment and Reenlistment

Personnel Management and Retention: Incentives for Education and Training.................. 30 Key Issues

Air Force Interviews

IT Manpower in the Future Force: Requirements Generation Process

Assessing the Overall Health of the Unit: Recruitment and Retention

Recruitment and Retention: Incentives for Enlistment and Reenlistment

Personnel Management and Retention: Incentives for Education and Training.................. 35 Key Issues

Observations and Conclusions

CHAPTER FOUR

Evidence on Enlisted Personnel Flows in IT Occupations

Preview of Findings

Defining the Occupational Groups

Means

Number and Quality of Entrants into IT Positions

Term Length

Attrition

Reenlistment

Observations

CHAPTER FIVE

Wages in Information Technology

Methodology

Defining Our Sample

Defining Our Data

Regression Analysis of Civilian Wages

Military/Civilian Wage Comparisons

Construction of Civilian Wage Percentiles and RMC

Note on Bonuses

Promotion Speed

Wage Comparisons for Men

Wage Comparisons for Women

Observations

CHAPTER SIX

Modeling the Supply of IT Personnel

Dynamic Retention Model with Enlistment

Model Structure

Wage Function: A Point of Departure

Contents ix

Enlistment Contracts

Costs of Breaching

Adding Breaching Costs and Calibrating the Model

Illustrative Results

Effect of IT Training on Civilian Opportunity Wage

Prior and Posterior Taste Distributions

Evolution of the Taste Distribution over Time

Closing Thoughts

CHAPTER SEVEN

Conclusion

Meeting Active Duty IT Manpower Requirements

Attractiveness of Military IT Specialties

Adapting to Compete with the Private Sector

Existence of a Manpower Planning Process

A Challenge: Improving Data for Policy Analysis

APPENDIX

A. Military and Civilian IT Occupations Used in This Report

B. Regressions on Personnel Flows

C. Military/Civilian Pay Comparisons for Men and Women with More Than Four Years of College

D. Dynamic Retention Model with Enlistment

Bibliography

4.1. Percentage of First-Year Personnel Who Are “High Quality,” by Service and IT Group, FYs 1993–2001

4.2. Percentage of First-Year Personnel with Initial Term Length of Five or Six Years, by Service and IT Group, FYs 1993–2001

4.3. Cumulative Attrition at Three-Year Point for Four-Year Enlistees Entering in FYs 1993–1998, by Service and IT Group

4.4. First-Term Reenlistment Rate for Personnel with a Four-Year Term of Service, by Service and IT Group, FYs 1997–2001



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 25 |


Similar works:

«Wechselwirkung mit und Aufnahme von Staphylococcus aureus Extracellular Adherence Protein (Eap) in Endothelzellen der Nabelschnur Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung des Grades eines Doktors der Zahnmedizin des Fachbereichs Medizin der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen vorgelegt von Susanne Janzen aus Coesfeld Gießen 2012 Aus dem Institut für Biochemie des Fachbereichs Medizin, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen Direktor: Prof. Dr. Klaus T. Preissner Gutachter: Prof. Dr. Klaus T. Preissner...»

«ARTICULATED PROGRAM GUIDE FOR HEALTH OCCUPATIONS IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS INTRODUCTION Health Occupations Education (HOE) is a technical career program that prepares individuals to meet new challenges, enjoy a stable salary and employment while providing services in the Health Care Industry. The health care industry offers stable employment in a variety of career and job opportunities. Individuals in the health care field work with people, data and/or materials that complement their interests...»

«Emergency Support Function #8 – Public Health and Medical Services Annex ESF Coordinator: Support Agencies: Department of Health and Human Services Department of Agriculture Department of Commerce Department of Defense Primary Agency: Department of Energy Department of Homeland Security Department of Health and Human Services Department of the Interior Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of State Department of Transportation Department of Veterans Affairs Environmental...»

«EVENT REPORT APPROVED: 16 February 2016 PUBLISHED: 10 March 2016 Review of the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) approach and development of new TTC decision tree European Food Safety Authority and World Health Organization Abstract In light of improving analytical methods, it can be expected that many more unintended chemicals will be detected in our environment, including food and drinking water, and in our bodies. The TTC approach is a screening and prioritization tool for the safety...»

«Report SURVEY OF CURRENT GUIDANCE FOR CHILD HEALTH CLINICAL TRIALS The StaR Child Health Project: Standards for Research with Children F.N.J. Frakking, J.H. van der Lee, T.P. Klassen, M. Offringa, for the StaR-Child Health Group List of abbreviations The StaR Child Health project: Standards for Research with Children Executive summary Introduction 1. Need for clinical trials in children 2. Challenges in clinical trials in children 3. Recent Developments 4. The need for scientific standards...»

«SPHINGOSYLPHOSPHORYLCHOLINE ACTS IN AN ANTI-INFLAMMATORY MANNER IN RENAL MESANGIAL CELLS BY REDUCING INTERLEUKIN-1β-INDUCED PROSTAGLANDIN E2 FORMATION Cuiyan Xin1,§, Shuyu Ren1,§, Wolfgang Eberhardt2, Josef Pfeilschifter2 and Andrea Huwiler1 Institute of Pharmacology, University of Bern, Friedbühlstrasse 49, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland; pharmazentrum frankfurt/ZAFES, Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, TheodorStern-Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. §: Both authors...»

«Key Considerations for Effective Data Loss Prevention © 2013, SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved.Follow SolarWinds: Among the various vulnerabilities and potential intrusions that your network is subject to, a data breach is one of the most damaging and costly. It’s not only about the data loss that happens due to a security breach, but also the impact of the loss. ESG estimates that the cost of recovery per breached record can go up to $150 each, which can add up fast when...»

«ANALYSIS OF METABOLIC DISORDERS OF DAIRY COWS EMPLOYING MULTIDIMENSIONAL AND MULTINUCLEAR NMR SPECTROSCOPY DISSERTATION ZUR ERLANGUNG DES DOKTORGRADES DER NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN (DR. RER. NAT.) DER FAKULTÄT FÜR BIOLOGIE UND VORKLINISCHE MEDIZIN DER UNIVERSITÄT REGENSBURG vorgelegt von Matthias S. Klein aus Bad Reichenhall im Jahr 2011 Das Promotionsgesuch wurde eingereicht am: 30.11.2011 Die Arbeit wurde angeleitet von: Prof. Dr. Wolfram Gronwald Unterschrift: Meinem Vater Danksagung Ich...»

«Aus der Neurologischen Klinik und Poliklinik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Direktorin: Prof. Dr. med. Marianne Dieterich Die Rolle der lateralisierenden Zeichen Dystonie und Kopfversion auf den Anfallsverlauf bei Patienten mit einer fokalen Epilepsie Dissertation zum Erwerb des Doktorgrades der Medizin an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität zu München vorgelegt von Margret Kilian aus Lauingen Mit Genehmigung der Medizinischen Fakultät der...»

«Eastern Europe Soviet Union AHERE WERE no changes in the Soviet leadership, although Leonid I. Brezhnev's periodic absences from Moscow evoked repeated conjectures regarding his political standing and the state of his health. While there may have been serious differences within the Politburo on foreign policy and internal administration, and a generational conflict between the older leaders and the relatively younger members, at the end of 1974 the old leadership was in control of Party and...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.book.dislib.info - Free e-library - Books, dissertations, abstract

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.