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«Managing Regulatory Body Competence IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS Under the terms of Article III of its ...»

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3.1.1.2. Regulatory policies and approaches This competence area is the knowledge of, and skills needed to comprehend and to apply, the regulatory policies and approaches in order to achieve the relevant regulatory objectives.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension and appreciation of the mandate, mission and objectives of the regulatory body;

— Comprehension of the values of the regulatory body and the principles of good regulation (e.g. independence, openness, efficiency, clarity, objectivity, stability, proportionality, accountability and consistency);

— Comprehension of regulatory body governance regarding its short and long term strategic objectives and goals;

— Comprehension of regulatory body policies and principles on which the regulatory processes are based;

— Appreciation of measures for implementing actions to achieve the short and long term strategic objectives and goals of the regulatory body.

3.1.1.3. Regulations and regulatory guides This competence area is the knowledge of, and skills needed to comprehend and to use, the regulations and regulatory guides. Regulations and regulatory

guides typically cover:

(a) Nuclear safety areas:

(i) Technical safety requirements for siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation, decommissioning and waste management of nuclear facilities or devices;

(ii) Requirements on the safety analysis report (SAR);

(iii) Operational limits and conditions, surveillance and maintenance;

(iv) Emergency preparedness and response;

(v) Requirements related to the periodic safety review.

(b) Radiation protection areas:

(i) Requirements related to radioactive sources;

(ii) Planned exposure situation;

(iii) Occupational exposure;

(iv) Medical exposure;

(v) Public exposure;

(vi) Existing exposure situations;

(vii) Emergency exposure situations.

–  –  –

— Comprehension of regulations and regulatory guidance documents;

— Comprehension of industry codes and standards such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE);

— Appreciation of the requirements and implications of international and national safety and industrial standards;

— Awareness of the safety requirements applied in other States.

3.1.1.4. Management system This competence area is the knowledge of, and skills needed to comprehend and to apply, the regulatory body’s management system (see Ref. [2]).

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the structure of the regulatory body’s management system;

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s strategy and other plans;

— Comprehension of the allocation of responsibilities and accountabilities within the regulatory body;

— Comprehension of the graded approach to the implementation of the management system;

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s system for the control of information, documentation and records;

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s processes and the interfaces between them;

— Appreciation of the added value of the management system for rigorous and timely processing of an application for a nuclear installation or activity.

3.1.2. Quadrant 2: Technical disciplines competences 3.1.2.1. Basic science and technology This competence area is the knowledge of, and skills needed to comprehend and to apply, science and engineering fundamentals in a particular field. Some typical science and engineering fields that are common to many regulatory

bodies include:

— Mathematics;

— Physics;

— Chemical, electrical, civil and mechanical engineering;

— Chemistry, including radiation chemistry;

— Earth sciences, including geology, seismology, meteorology and hydrology;

— Computer science;

— Nuclear engineering, including nuclear reactor concepts, nuclear physics and reactor physics;

— Environmental engineering;

— Materials and metallurgical engineering;

— Radiography, including medical applications;

— Thermodynamics and thermohydraulics;

— Behavioural sciences.

–  –  –

— Comprehension of science and engineering fundamentals in a particular field.

3.1.2.2. Applied science and technology This competence area is the additional knowledge of, and skills needed to comprehend and to apply, engineering and science concepts in specific areas. The

main areas may include:

— Nuclear reactor and power plant technology;

— Nuclear fuel cycle technology;

— Nuclear safety technology;

— Technologies regarding the application of radiation in industry, research and agriculture;

— Medical physics;

— Radiation physics, including shielding;

— Health physics, radiation protection and naturally occurring radiation;

— Environmental sciences;

— Management systems, including safety management, safety culture and quality management.

–  –  –

— Comprehension of additional knowledge of engineering and science concepts in relation to the safety of facilities and activities;





— Ability to apply fundamental engineering and science concepts in relation to the safety of facilities and activities.

3.1.2.3. Specialized science and technology This competence area is the deep knowledge of, and skills needed to apply, specialized technology, engineering and science. Some typical specialized areas

that are common to many regulatory bodies include:

(a) Methodologies and analysis:

(i) Safety assessment methodology;

(ii) Deterministic accident analysis;

(iii) Probabilistic safety analysis;

(iv) Severe accident analysis;

(v) Reliability analysis;

(vi) Human and organizational factors and human performance;

(vii) Site evaluation;

(viii) Fire analysis and protection systems.

(b) Specialized areas:

(i) Instrumentation and control systems of nuclear power plants (NPPs), including software reliability;

(ii) Criticality safety;

(iii) Materials, including radiation effects on materials, corrosion and corrosion chemistry;

(iv) Dosimetry.

(c) Additional areas:

(i) Security, nuclear materials protection, control and accountability;

(ii) Safety in transportation of radioactive material;

(iii) Management of spent fuel and radioactive waste;

(iv) Decommissioning of nuclear plants;

(v) Industrial safety;

(vi) Radioecology.

A particular regulatory body may require specialized competences in other areas.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Deep comprehension of a scientific field or specialized area to address and to resolve regulatory body technical issues;

— Ability to apply the knowledge of a scientific field or specialized area at a recognized high level of competence to be noted as an expert in the scientific field or specialized area.

3.1.3. Quadrant 3: Competences related to a regulatory body’s practices 3.1.3.1. Review and assessment This competence area is the ability to examine safety cases and other documentation submitted by licensees in support of their justifications regarding installations and the forming of judgements on the adequacy of the documents and the processes used by the licensees in producing them.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s requirements for review and assessment;

— Ability to identify and to synthesize information relevant to the safety of a facility or activity (such as facility’s submission, past performance, and enforcement and inspection history);

— Ability to identify the need for further information in relation to review and assessment;

— Ability to initiate other regulatory processes when needed (such as inspection);

— Ability to take the outcomes of other regulatory processes into consideration in the review and assessment process;

— Ability to examine documentation and relevant information, recognize issues regarding the safety of a facility or activity and possible non-compliance, and make judgements regarding the overall safety and compliance with regulatory requirements;

— Appreciation of the review and assessment process.

3.1.3.2. Authorization This competence area is the capacity to ensure that the licence and the associated licensing documents are in compliance in form and contents with the regulatory requirements.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s process and procedures of authorization;

— Ability to identify and to synthesize information relevant to an authorization (such as applicant’s submission, past performance, and enforcement and inspection history);

— Ability to initiate other regulatory processes when needed (such as inspection or review and assessment);

— Ability to take the outcomes of other regulatory processes into consideration in the authorization process;

— Comprehension of the possible restrictions or conditions that may be imposed in an authorization;

— Ability to make judgements on granting, modifying, suspending or withdrawing authorizations.

3.1.3.3. Inspection

Inspection is the regulatory practice related to verifying that the authorized party is in compliance with the regulatory requirements and with the conditions specified in the authorization. This competence area is the independent gathering of information through objective review, observation and open communications, and determining acceptability of information by comparing it to established criteria.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s requirements and guides, processes and procedures for inspection;

— Ability to take the outcomes of other regulatory processes into consideration in the inspection process;

— Ability to produce an inspection plan for a specific facility or activity;

— Ability to recognize safety significant issues and possible non-compliance by observation;

— Ability to make judgements regarding the safety of a facility or activity and compliance with regulatory requirements;

— Ability to recognize when immediate actions are required to rectify non-compliance if there is imminent likelihood of a safety significant event;

— Comprehension of root cause analysis techniques;

— Appreciation of the most effective and efficient ways to undertake inspection activities.

3.1.3.4. Enforcement This competence area is the provision of a supportable recommendation of enforcement action in accordance with regulatory body policy in responding to non-compliance by an authorized party with a regulatory requirement.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s enforcement policy, requirements, processes and procedures and related guides;

— Ability to decide upon and to initiate enforcement actions because of non-compliance in a facility or activity (such as those cases identified in other regulatory processes or due to events);

— Ability to determine whether other regulatory processes are needed in order to support an enforcement action (such as inspection);

— Ability to determine whether actions of, or liaison with, other agencies are needed in order to support an enforcement action (such as evidence gathering by other law enforcement agencies, legal advice or other regulators);

— Ability to evaluate and to decide on the adequacy of corrective measures proposed by the facility or activity, and to confirm their effective implementation.

3.1.3.5. Development of regulations and guides

This competence area is the KSAs necessary to produce regulations and guidance documents, including policies and procedures, containing practical steps on how regulatory requirements could be satisfied by the licensees and be adjudicated by the regulatory staff.

Examples of KSAs could be:

— Comprehension of the regulatory body’s processes and procedures for developing regulations and guides;



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