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«Managing Regulatory Body Competence IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS Under the terms of Article III of its ...»

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(b) The operating organization, the regulatory body and external support organizations, as appropriate, should develop the expertise to prepare for the conduct or the review of safety assessments (Action 118).

(c) The regulatory body should review and assess the site evaluation report, and should make a decision regarding the acceptability of the site selected and the site related design bases (Action 164).

In Phase 3:

(a) The regulatory body should develop and manage the processes required

in review and assessment, which typically include the following phases:

siting, construction, commissioning and operation (Action 34).

(b) The regulatory body should review and assess programmes to be implemented by the operating organization, as appropriate (Action 38).

(c) The regulatory body should review and assess the operating organization’s programme on safety management (Action 84).

(d) The regulatory body should review and assess the operating organization’s programme with regard to human resources management (Action 97).

(e) The regulatory body should review and assess the operating organization’s programmes with regard to radiation protection and relevant environmental protection, and should verify compliance with the regulatory requirements (Action 115).

(f) The regulatory body should ensure that arrangements are in place for the monitoring of all releases from the NPP to the environment (Action 116).

(g) The regulatory body should carry out a comprehensive review and an independent verification of the SARs submitted by the operating organization to verify compliance with the regulatory requirements (Action 120).

(h) The operating organization or the regulatory body should obtain support from external support organizations or individual experts in performing or reviewing safety assessments, as necessary (Action 121).

(i) The regulatory body should review and assess the operating organization’s programmes for waste management and spent fuel management and for decommissioning, and should verify their compliance with the regulatory requirements (Action 129).

(j) The regulatory body should review and assess the emergency programme and the emergency plans and procedures for NPPs, and should verify compliance with the regulatory requirements (Action 144).

(k) The regulatory body should review and assess the safety documentation, such as the SARs, and should verify the compliance of the design with regulatory requirements (Action 182).

(l) The regulatory body should review and assess the commissioning programme (Action 188).

V.3.1.2. Related competences Major documents that the regulatory body reviews and assesses during

various authorization stages include:

— Management system;

— Site evaluation report;

— SAR;

— PSA report;

— Commissioning programme;

— Operational limits and conditions;

— Emergency preparedness plan;

— Physical security plan;

— Radiation protection programme;

— Radioactive waste management programme;

— Environmental assessment report;

— Decommissioning plan.

The main tasks associated with the review and assessment include:

— Formation of review team keeping in view the scope of work and associated expertise involved;

— Managing external resources for technical support during the activity;

— Scheduling the activities;

— Establishing the process for review and assessment under the management system;

— Identifying acceptance bases and criteria;

— Establishing process and interface to communicate with the applicant for discussion and resolution of issues identified during the review process;

— Safety evaluation.

The review of application for major authorization phases, such as construction or operation licence, requires regulatory staff with a specialized knowledge of various disciplines of engineering and science.

Examples of KSAs could be:

(a) Quadrant 1: Competences related to the legal, regulatory and organizational

basis:

(i) Comprehension of the regulatory framework (regulations and guides) for the safety and security of the facility;

(ii) Appreciation and comprehension of the interrelationship between legal documents, regulatory guidance documents, licensing documents, and codes and standards;

(iii) Comprehension of IAEA safety standards, particularly those relating to the licensing process as well as the practices of other States with established nuclear power programmes;

(iv) Comprehension of relevant policies, procedures, guidance documents and licensing documents that are used in conducting specific review and assessment tasks as defined in the legal basis.

(b) Quadrant 2: Technical disciplines competences:

(i) Deep comprehension of a scientific field or specialized area (e.g.

reactor technology, engineering techniques or technical issues, nuclear safety, industrial codes and standards, and material sciences) that provides sufficiently expert knowledge to address and to resolve regulatory body technical issues;

(ii) Demonstrated ability to apply the knowledge of a scientific field or specialized area with sufficient expertise;





(iii) Comprehension of the design and operation of structures, systems and components of regulated facilities from a regulatory perspective;

(iv) Comprehension of engineering techniques or technical issues that are applied at facilities within the jurisdiction of the regulatory body;

(v) Comprehension and demonstrated ability in applying radiation protection principles at nuclear facilities;

(vi) Comprehension of safety and risk assessment tools and techniques, and how safety and risk assessment is applied within the regulatory framework of the regulatory body.

(c) Quadrant 3: Competences related to a regulatory body’s practices:

(i) Comprehension of the main principles of the management system, relevant policies, procedures, guidance documents and regulatory documents that need to be established or are used in conducting review and assessment;

(ii) Comprehension of assessment procedures;

(iii) Comprehension of nuclear safety concepts (e.g. defence in depth);

(iv) Comprehension of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) concepts;

(v) Demonstrated ability in the analysis of technical information;

(vi) Demonstrated ability in the integration of technical information;

(vii) Demonstrated ability in making recommendations that are supported by reliable information.

(d) Quadrant 4: Personal and behavioural competences:

(i) Demonstrated ability to gather information and also to rely on professional judgement and experience to arrive at sound conclusions;

(ii) Demonstrated ability to make trade-offs based on a full and realistic assessment of the situation;

(iii) Demonstrated ability to deliver quality work that is timely, complete and accurate;

(iv) Demonstrated ability to use effectively standard computer software packages and special software programs that have become part of the regulatory body’s business processes;

(v) Demonstrated ability to record, store and retrieve information using electronic means;

(vi) Demonstrated ability to manipulate and to integrate electronic information using appropriate software packages;

(vii) Demonstrated ability to make adjustments in response to feedback;

(viii) Demonstrated ability to understand organizational norms and expectations;

(ix) Demonstrated ability to document important information and to keep accurate records;

(x) Demonstrated ability to provide timely and relevant information to others;

(xi) Demonstrated ability to communicate with authority and to maintain composure when challenged, producing explanations calmly and reasonably to achieve results.

V.3.2. Authorization

Staff involved in authorization will be dealing with defining the licensing steps, the associated documentation that an applicant has to submit during various stages of the licensing process, as well as establishing the licensing process under the management system (see Section 3.1.3). Regulatory staff involved in authorization have to make a decision for issuing licence and formulating the licence conditions.

V.3.2.1. Actions in SSG-16 [6]

–  –  –

(a) The regulatory body should develop and manage the processes needed in licensing, which typically includes the following phases: siting, construction, commissioning and operation (Action 34).

(b) The regulatory body should verify, as part of the licensing process, that the operating organization has sufficient financial resources (Action 59).

(c) The operating organization and the regulatory body should implement their respective processes to address modifications made to the design during construction and afterwards (Action 184).

V.3.2.2. Related competences

–  –  –

(a) Quadrant 1: Competences related to the legal, regulatory and organizational

basis:

(i) Comprehension of the central government’s nuclear laws and decrees as well as other laws and decrees that apply to a licensed nuclear facility;

(ii) Appreciation and comprehension of the applicability to the nuclear industry of the laws and decrees of the local jurisdictions and authorities;

(iii) Comprehension and demonstrated use of the regulatory body’s regulations within limits regarding interpretations offered by legal counsels and recorded experience;

(iv) Appreciation and demonstrated comprehension of the rights of all interested parties affected directly or indirectly by the provisions of the legal basis of the regulatory body;

(v) Demonstrated ability to relate legal requirements to routine tasks associated with the authorization process;

(vi) Appreciation and comprehension of the interrelationship between legal documents, regulatory guidance documents and licensing documents;

(vii) Comprehension of IAEA safety standards, particularly those relating to the authorization process as well as the practices of other States with established nuclear power programmes.

(b) Quadrant 2: Technical disciplines competences:

(i) Basic understanding of technical aspects such as reactor technology, accident analysis, structures, systems and components related to safety, instrumentation and control.

(c) Quadrant 3: Competences related to a regulatory body’s practices:

(i) Comprehension of the main principles of the management system, relevant policies, procedures, guidance documents and licensing documents that need to be established or are used in carrying out authorization;

(ii) Appreciation of responsibilities and steps to process an application rigorously and in a timely manner;

(iii) Comprehension of the format and contents of a licence (such as requirements set by the regulatory body and recommendations in IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GS-G-1.4, Documentation for Use in Regulating Nuclear Facilities [12]);

(iv) Comprehension of the possible options of a licence;

(v) Demonstrated ability to take the licensing recommendations into consideration and include them in the body of the licence or in the accompanying licence conditions;

(vi) Awareness and comprehension of how the terms of a licence and the associated licence conditions could be transferred into a licensee’s operating safety envelope, which will be guiding the inspection activities at a later stage;

(vii) Awareness, appreciation and comprehension of the licensee’s documents submitted to receive a licence and other relevant licensee’s documents.

(d) Quadrant 4: Personal and behavioural competences:

(i) Demonstrated ability to consider the linkages among various regulatory processes interacting with the authorization process and to evaluate the impact on authorization decision;

(ii) Demonstrated ability to gather information and also to rely on professional judgement and experience to arrive at sound

conclusions;

(iii) Demonstrated ability to deliver quality work that is timely, complete and accurate;

(iv) Demonstrated ability to understand organizational norms and expectations;



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