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«[Note: This is not an exhaustive list. The activities listed detail possible incidents that could cause injury and lists suggested control measures ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

CHILDREN’S SERVICE

Local Code of Practice 25

RISK ASSESSMENTS IN

PRIMARY SCHOOLS

[Note: This is not an exhaustive list. The activities listed detail possible

incidents that could cause injury and lists suggested control

measures as best practice. Any assessment using the following

guide must be made SITE SPECIFIC taking into account the characteristics of the site, numbers and individuals involved and current site procedures] Issued September 1999 Author: Peter Dempsey Service: Resources Division Health & Safety Unit Intended Target Group: Educational Establishments Last Reviewed: September 1999 Children’s Service Local Code of Practice No 25 Risk Assessments in Primary Schools (This list should be amended if site-specific hazards are identified and assessed) A. General School Activities

1. Fire and Fire Prevention

2. Use of Portable Electrical Equipment - Staff and Pupils

3. Moving/Transporting Computers/Equipment on Trolleys - Staff and Pupils

4. Using a Baby Belling Cooker and use of simple hot plate - Staff and Pupils

5. Movement of Pupils around the site - Including Breaks and Lunchtime Supervision

6. Educational Visits - General

7. Grounds Maintenance - Boundary, Grounds, Trees - Staff, Pupils, Visitors

8. Contractors on School Sites - Private & Team Barnet

9. School events - Galas, Sports Days, School Fairs, Discos etc - Staff, Public, Pupils

10. Using Irons, Sewing Machines - Domestic Appliances - Staff/Pupils

11. Working at Heights - Teachers/Staff

12. Manual Handling (Lifting/Carrying/Assisting) of pupils - SEN/Physical Disabilities Staff

13. Manual Handling (Lifting/Carrying/Assisting) of Pupils - Nursery - Staff

14. Violence at Work - Staff B. Sites and Buildings - Also refer to Section B - Identifying Hazards in Primary Schools

1. Site Cleanliness - Hygiene Risk - Staff, Pupils

2. Site Specific - Buildings Defects - Staff, Pupils, Visitors

3. Drinking Water Supply - Staff, Pupils, Visitors

4. School pond - Pupils, Staff, Unauthorised Visitors

5. Vehicles on Site - Staff, Parents and Commercial

6. Trip/Slip Hazards - Staff, Visitors, Pupils

7. Vandalism - Broken Windows, Damage to Buildings - Staff, Pupils, Site Users C. Caretaking and Cleaning

1. Use of Hand Tools - Caretaker(s)

2. Litter Picking - Caretaker(s)

3. Boiler Duties - Caretaker(s)

4. Use of Electric Tools - Caretaker(s)

5. Working at Heights - Caretaker(s)

6. Use of Mobile Tower Scaffold Units - Caretaker(s)

7. General Manual Handling - Caretaker(s)

8. Use of Cleaning Materials - Caretaker(s)

9. Use of Buffer, Scrubber, Vacuum Cleaners- Caretaker(s)

10. Disposal of Clinical/Medical Waste - Caretaker(s)/Staff

11. Working Alone - Caretaker(s), Staff

12. Swimming Pool Duties - Staff/Caretaker(s) D. Office and Administration - Information Technology

1. Use of Word Processor, Lap Top, Printer - Staff

2. Use of Office Equipment - eg Binders, Laminators - Staff

3. Use of Photocopier - Staff

4. Use of a Computer in Class/on Trolleys or Static - Staff/Pupils E. Pupils Activities

1. Using Sharp Instruments - Pupils

2. Swimming - Pupils

3. Pupils PE Activities - Indoors

4. Pupils PE Activities - Outdoors

5. Manual Handling of PE Equipment - Pupils

6. Design & Technology Activities - Use of Tools - Pupils

7. Science Studies - Pupils

8. School Pets - Pupils/Staff

9. Use of Glue Guns - Staff/Pupils

10. Cutting and Sticking - Pupils

11. Use of Clay - Kilns - Staff and Pupils

12. Mixing and Using Paint - Pupils

13. Needlework Textiles - Pupils

A. GENERAL SCHOOL ACTIVITIES

1. Fire and Fire Prevention

2. Use of Portable Electrical Equipment - Staff and Pupils

3. Moving/Transporting Computers/Equipment on Trolleys - Staff and Pupils

4. Using a Baby Belling Cooker or simple hot plate - Staff and Pupils

5. Movement of Pupils around the site - Including Breaks and Lunchtime Supervision

6. Educational Visits - General

7. Grounds Maintenance - Boundary, Grounds, Trees - Staff, Pupils, Visitors

8. Contractors on School Sites - Team Barnet and Private

9. School events - Galas, Sports Days, School Fairs, Discos etc - Staff, Public, Pupils

10. Using Irons, Sewing Machines - Domestic Appliances - Staff/Pupils

11. Working at Heights - Teachers/Staff

12. Manual Handling (Lifting/Carrying/Assisting) of Pupils (SEN/Physical Disabilities)

- Staff

13. Manual Handling (Lifting/Carrying/Assisting) of Pupils - Nursery - Staff

14. Violence at Work – Staff

1. Fire and Fire Prevention

–  –  –

SUGGESTED CONTROL MEASURES

Refer to the Corporate Policy Section 3 Fire Precautions and to LCOP 14 Fire in Educational Establishments.

Refer to Building Bulletin 7 (DES) Fire Precautions in Educational Establishments Premise Controller Training Fire Warden Training Induction Training Fire prevention Store combustible materials safely eg. away from heat sources Ensure safe storage of flammable materials and sources of ignitions Ensure electrical installations and portable electrical equipment is inspected and maintained to reduce risk of fire Position portable heaters safely Risk assess the use of heat generating equipment eg cookers, Bunsen burners, chemicals etc including new equipment or processes Where smoking is permitted by staff in school ensure safe disposal of cigarette buts.





Consider location and emptying of refuse bins and the likelihood of arson.

Fire Precautions Refer to DCSF (DfES) Building Bulletin 7 and advice from Health and Safety Unit, Building Surveyor and London Fire and Civil Defence Authority for advice on the

provision of the following eg:

Fire escape routes and exits, compartmentation, fire resistant escape routes, fire/smoke doors, emergency lighting, fire alarm system, to be installed as advised by competent persons Fire alarm system call points to be tested weekly on a rotational basis and records kept Provide and maintain appropriate fire fighting equipment – extinguishers, hose reels, fire blankets records to be kept of servicing Ensure above are accessible and positioned safely Fire Plan – Plan of Action to be in place in the event of fire, evacuation procedure to be in place and fire drills recommended to be held each term – consider blocking off exits, holding drills at varying times of the day to include lunchtime staff. Record of Fire Drill to be kept, and to include any delays or problems experienced Ensure that appropriate procedures are in place for physically/mentally disabled, visually impaired and hearing-impaired site users.

Appoint fire wardens where necessary to assist in the evacuation and roll call Fire Action Notices- provide information to staff and pupils each term Information to be given to new, temporary staff (and contractors) on fire procedures Fire escape routes should be clearly marked – see Safety Bulletins 152 and 166 2.

Use of Portable Electrical Equipment - Staff and Pupils

SIGNIFICANT RISK (S) - CAUSE OF INJURY

- Lack of training/instructions or unauthorised use by pupils

- Electric shock, fire, explosion

- Cuts from sharp tools

- Struck by moving parts or ejected materials

- Falls - trailing leads, cables

- Falls of equipment - unsafe storage

- Untested portable equipment

- Faulty equipment

- Use of the equipment which is unsuitable for the environment (eg wet, flammable)

- Use of extension leads

- Overloading

- Incompetent people repairing or using electrical equipment

- Lack of maintenance

EFFECTS OF HAZARDS - POSSIBLE INJURY

–  –  –

SUGGESTED CONTROL MEASURES

- Ensure adequate levels of supervision, instruction and training are in place

- Exclude pupils from using inappropriate equipment

- All staff and pupils to follow manufacturer’s instructions

- Staff to undertake visual checks of equipment prior to each use e.g. no joins in the lead, insulation’s are intact, without cracks or fraying, plug tops are in good condition without cracks or pieces missing etc. Refer to Visual Inspection Checklist

- Appendix A – refer to ‘Make it Safe’ Booklet

- Any damaged/defective equipment should be taken out of use and labelled as unsafe. All defects must be reported.

- All repairs, including fitting of plugs to be undertaken by competent persons

- Position equipment correctly consider location of sockets and prevent trailing leads

- Recommend use of portable RCDs in the absence of central RCD protection

- Equipment to be used by authorised personnel only

- Establish emergency procedures re First Aid in the event of electric shock

- Pay due attention to environmental conditions ie Caretakers use of tools outdoors

- Store safely all equipment not in use

- Extension leads only to be used as a temporary measure

- Consider the provision of additional sockets to enable safe positioning

- Consider the relocation of the sockets to enable safer use-positioning

- One to one supervision with tools e.g. glue guns, irons, sewing machines where necessary

- All equipment to be included in the electrical inspection contract

- Position equipment away from water, heat sources or busy ‘traffic’ routes

- All equipment purchased to confirm to BS/EN standards and be CE marked

- Personal equipment not to be used unless electrically tested by a competent person and the permission of the Headteacher/ Premise Controller received.

Moving/transporting computers/equipment on trolleys - Staff and Pupils 3.

SIGNIFICANT RISK(S) - CAUSE OF INJURY

- Lack of maintenance

- Lack of supervision/instruction

- Collision

- Trapping - against doors, furniture

- Trips/slips/falls - poor access, obstructions, steps, spillages, leads

- Falling equipment - due to poor stacking/securing

- Capability of the individual

EFFECTS OF HAZARDS - POSSIBLE INJURY

- Cuts

- Bruises

- Sprains

- Fractures

- Manual handling injuries - pushing/pulling

SUGGESTED CONTROL MEASURES

- Ensure adequate levels of supervision, instruction and training are in place

- Request assistance for doors, steps, ramps and busy traffic routes

- All equipment to be securely loaded or fastened to the trolley

- When positioned, trolley wheels to be locked

- Responsible pupils only, to move computer trolleys after training/instruction and with supervision

- Follow manual handling guidance

- Defective trolleys to be taken out of use until repaired

- Trolleys to be checked for defects

- Position trolleys safely - not too close to doors, access points, thoroughfares

- Ensure no trailing leads during transportation

- Ensure all electrical equipment is included in the contract inspection

- Visual checks to be undertaken of all electrical equipment prior to use

- Position electrical/computer equipment trolleys away from water, heat sources

- Trolleys not to be overloaded with additional items

- Move equipment trolleys at ‘quiet times’ to avoid collisions

- Follow manufacturers instructions

- Ensure that the load is stable before moving the trolley 4.

Using a Baby Belling Cooker (or simple hot plate) - Staff and Pupils

SIGNIFICANT RISK(S) - CAUSE OF INJURY

- Electric shock

- Burns - contact with hot surface

- Traps - oven door

- Slips - spillages around cooker area

- Falls - positioning in ‘untidy’ areas

EFFECTS OF HAZARDS - POSSIBLE INJURY

–  –  –

SUGGESTED CONTROL MEASURES

- The cookers should only be used if ‘hard wired’ into the mains and not operated from a plug as stated in Safety Bulletin 47A September 1989



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