«Examining Cultural Drifts in Artworks through History and Development: Cultural Comparisons between Japanese and Western Landscape Paintings and ...»
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Figure 1: Average horizon height ratio in percentage by time period for Japanese and European historical landscape artwork (1600-1999) in Study 1. The error bars represent standard error.
Figure 3: Average horizon height ratio in percentage by school level for Japanese and Canadian landscape drawings in Study 2a. The error bars represent standard error.
Figure 5: Average horizon height ratio in percentage by school level for Japanese and Canadian landscape collages in Study 2b. The error bars represent standard error.
Figure 7: Average number of objects by school level for Japanese and Canadian landscape collages in Study 2b. The error bars represent standard error.
Figure 9: Average area covered by objects in centimeters by school level for Japanese and Canadian landscape collages in Study 2b. The error bars represent standard error.
EXAMINING CULTURAL DRIFTS IN ARTWORK 45
Appendix B: Horizon Measuring Guide
1. If it is a standard horizon (a horizontal line dividing sky and land), measure from the bottom of the page to the highest point on the line and the lowest.
2. If there are mountains, measure:
a. The highest dip or descent and the lowest.
b. If there is a horizontal line below the mountain, measure the lowest point on the horizontal line and the highest dip or descent