WWW.BOOK.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Books, dissertations, abstract
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 65 |

«DIREC TIONS IN DE VELOPMENT Human Development Public Disclosure Authorized The Cash Dividend The Rise of Cash Transfer Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa ...»

-- [ Page 12 ] --

2002. “Social Protection.” In PRSP Sourcebook of Poverty Reduction: Volume 2—Macroeconomic and Sectoral Approaches. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Devereux, Stephen, and Larissa Pelham. 2005. “Making Cash Count: Lessons from Cash Transfer Schemes in East and Southern Africa for Supporting the Most Vulnerable Children and Households.” Save the Children UK, HelpAge International, and Institute of Development Studies, London. http://www.ids.ac.uk/go/idsproject/making-cash-count.

Dlamini, Armstrong. 2007. “A Review of Social Assistance Grants in Swaziland: A CANGO/RHVP Case Study on Public Assistance in Swaziland.” Regional Hunger Vulnerability Programme, Johannesburg.

Duflo, Esther. 2003. “Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old-Age Pensions and Intrahousehold Allocation in South Africa.” World Bank Economic Review 17 (1): 1–25.

Ellis, Frank. 2007. “Food Subsidy Programme, Mozambique.” REBA Case Study Brief 7, Regional Evidence Building Agenda, Regional Hunger Vulnerability Programme, Johannesburg.

Ellis, Frank, Stephen Devereux, and Philip White. 2009. Social Protection in Africa.

Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

European University Institute. 2010. Social Protection for Inclusive Development: A

New Perspective in EU Cooperation with Africa. San Domenico di Fiesole, Italy:

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2007. “Food Aid Shipments: World Food Programme Certified Data as of 30 June 2007.” FAO Statistics Division, Rome.

———. 2008. “Prevalence of Undernourishment in Total Population.” FAO Statistics Division, Rome.

HSNP (Hunger Safety Net Programme). n.d. “Welcome to Hunger Safety Net Programme.” HSNP, Nairobi. http://www.hsnp.or.ke/.

IRIN (Integrated Regional Information Networks). 2009. “Burundi: Repatriation of Refugees from Tanzania Resumes.” IRIN, Nairobi. http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportID=84089.

The Rise of Cash Transfer Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa 71 Johannsen, Julia, Luis Tejerina, and Amanda Glassman. 2009. “Conditional Cash Transfers in Latin America: Problems and Opportunities.” In Social Assistance and Conditional Cash Transfers: Proceedings of the Regional Workshop, ed. Sri Wening Handayani and Clifford Burkley. Manila: Asian Development Bank.

Kakwani, Nanak, and Kalanidhi Subbarao. 2005. “Ageing and Poverty in Africa and the Role of Social Pensions.” Working Paper 8, International Poverty Centre, Brasília.

Levine, Sebastian, Servaas van der Berg, and Derek Yu. 2009. “Measuring the Impact of Social Cash Transfers on Poverty and Inequality in Namibia.” Stellenbosch Economic Working Paper 25/09, Department of Economics and Bureau for Economic Research, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Levy, Sarah, Gerald Nyasulu, and Jaynet Kuyeli, with Carlos Barahona and Cathy Garlick. 2002. “Dedza Safety Nets Pilot Project: Learning Lessons about Direct Welfare Transfers for Malawi’s National Safety Nets Strategy.” Calibre Consultants, Concern Universal, and Statistical Services Centre, University of Reading, Berkshire, U.K.

Meyer, John. 2007. “The Use of Cash/Vouchers in Response to Vulnerability and Food Insecurity: Case Study Review and Analysis.” World Food Programme, Rome.

Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel, Armando Barrientos, David Hulme, and Sam Hickey.

2010. “Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa: Will the Green Shoots Blossom?” Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper 116, University of Manchester, Manchester, U.K.

O’Donnell, Michelle. 2007. “Project Evaluation: Cash-Based Emergency Livelihood Recovery Programme.” Save the Children Canada, Toronto.

Plaatjies, Daniel. 2006. “Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in South Africa.” Presented at the Third International Conference on Conditional Cash Transfers, Istanbul, June 26–30.

Republic of Rwanda. 2009. “Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP): Direct Support Operational Framework and Procedure Manual.” Ministry of Local Government, Good Governance, Community Development, and Social Affairs, Kigali.

Republic of South Africa. 2004. “Social Assistance Act, 2004.” Government Gazette 468 (26446): 2–30.

RHVP (Regional Hunger and Vulnerability Programme). 2007. “Old Age and Public Assistance Grants, Swaziland.” REBA Case Study Brief 6, Regional Evidence Building Agenda, RHVP, Johannesburg.

Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel, and Stephen Devereux. 2010. “Cash Transfers and High Food Prices: Explaining Outcomes on Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme.” Food Policy 35 (4): 274–85.

72 The Cash Dividend SASSA (South African Social Security Agency). 2009. “Statistical Report on Social Grants.” Report 17, Strategy and Business Development Branch, Monitoring and Evaluation Department, SASSA, Pretoria.

Schubert, Bernd, and Sylvia Beales. 2006. “Social Cash Transfers for Africa: A Transformative Agenda for the 21st Century—Intergovernmental Regional Conference Report, Livingstone, Zambia, 20–23 March 2006.” HelpAge International, London.

Schüring, Esther. 2010. “Strings Attached or Loose Ends? The Role of Conditionality in Zambia’s Social Cash Transfer Scheme.” Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht, Netherlands.





South African Government Services. 2009. “Social Services.” South African Government Services, Pretoria. http://www.services.gov.za/.

Streak, Judith. 2007. “Brief Overview of Cash Transfer System in South Africa and Introduction to HSRC Going to Scale Research Project.” PowerPoint presentation at the Africa Regional Workshop on Cash Transfer Programmes for Vulnerable Groups, Mombasa, Kenya, February 26–28.

Sultan, Sonya M., and Tamar T. Schrofer. 2008. “Building Support to Have Targeted Social Protection Interventions for the Poorest: The Case of Ghana.”

Presented at the Conference on Social Protection for the Poorest in Africa:

Learning from Experience, Kampala, September 8–10.

Taylor, Viviene. 2010. Social Protection in Africa: An Overview of the Challenges.

Addis Ababa: African Union.

UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) and WHO (World Health Organization). 2008. 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.

Geneva: UNAIDS.

U.S. Social Security Administration. 2009. Social Security Programs throughout the World: Africa 2009. Washington, DC: Office of Retirement and Disability Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics.

Waterhouse, Rachel. 2007. “The Political and Institutional Context for Social Protection in Mozambique: A Brief Overview.” International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth, Brasília.

World Bank. 2009a. “Program Document on a Proposed Grant in the Amount of SDR 4 Million (US$6 Million Equivalent) Funding to the Republic of Rwanda for a First Community Living Standards Grant (CLSG-1).” Human Development III, Eastern Africa Country Cluster II, Africa Region, World Bank, Washington, DC.

———. 2009b. “Project Appraisal Document for a Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Project.” World Bank, Washington, DC.

———. 2009c. 2009 World Development Indicators. Washington, DC: World Bank.

The Rise of Cash Transfer Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa 73 ———. 2010. “Africa’s Future and the World Bank’s Support to It.” Draft, World Bank, Washington, DC.

World Values Survey Association. 2009. “1981–2008 Official Aggregate.” Version 20090901. World Values Survey Association, Uppsala.

Aggregate File Producer:

ASEP/JDS, Madrid. http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org.

CHAPTER 3 Design and Implementation of Cash Transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa Trends, Lessons, and Knowledge Gaps Although chapter 2 provided a high-level view of strategic issues related to cash transfers (CTs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, this chapter examines the nuances of CT design and implementation, and it sketches a more complete picture of how CTs have worked in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is intended to highlight trends in program implementation, lessons that have already been learned, and areas where existing knowledge needs to be improved to enhance program outcomes. The chapter begins with one of the most basic questions: What are the objectives of the reviewed CTs in Sub-Saharan Africa?

The Varying Objectives of Sub-Saharan Africa’s CT Programs CT programs in the region address a remarkably wide range of objectives.

As already mentioned, some have specific human capital goals or aim to encourage peace consolidation in a postconflict situation. Others state that they are working to combat both acute and chronic food insecurity or to ensure that targeted beneficiaries are able to meet subsistence consumption needs. An objective of a number of CTs is simply to determine 76 The Cash Dividend how well the programs function in the given environment. A sample of CT program objectives in the region is given in box 3.1.

Successful programs rely on analytical background work that helps to determine the needs in a given area and the type of program or CT that can best respond to those needs. Program objectives should reflect those analyses, which consider both quantitative factors, such as the number or

–  –  –

Objectives of Sub-Saharan Africa’s Cash Transfer Programs

Sub-Saharan Africa’s CT programs have a wide variety of objectives:

• Botswana Program for Destitute Persons. To ensure that the government provides minimum assistance to genuinely destitute persons to ensure their good health and welfare.

• Botswana Old Age Pension. To financially assist elderly people who do not have other support as a result of the deterioration of support from the extended family.

• Burundi UNHCR (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) Cash Grants. To encourage and support repatriation of Burundian refugees residing in Tanzania.

• Eritrea Results-Based Financing. To improve the health outcomes of mothers and children in rural areas of Eritrea by increasing the use of health facilities and services, improving children’s health outcomes, and increasing the coverage and quality of health services.

• Ethiopia Productive Safety Net Programme. To provide households with cash or food transfers to help meet their food needs and protect them from depleting their assets, and to build productive assets in communities to decrease the causes of chronic food insecurity.

• Ghana LEAP. To supplement the subsistence needs of the extremely poor, connect beneficiaries to related services to improve their welfare, and encourage comprehensive social development through the use of public-private partnerships.

• Kenya CT for OVC. To provide regular cash transfers to households with orphans and vulnerable children to encourage fostering and retention of such children in households within communities and to promote their human capital development.

(continued next page) Design and Implementation of Cash Transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa 77

Box 3.1 (continued)

• Malawi Social Cash Transfer. To decrease poverty, hunger, and starvation in all households that are ultrapoor and, at the same time, labor constrained.

• Mozambique Food Subsidy Program. To ensure that consumption levels do not fall to levels insufficient for survival.

• Nigeria Kano Conditional Cash Transfer for Girls’ Education. To increase education levels of girls in Kano state to improve progression toward the Millennium Development Goals of universal primary education and gender equality.

• Senegal Conditional Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children. To support education and vocational training of 5,000 orphans and vulnerable children by ensuring that they have access to education or vocational training; supporting their financial needs; and financially supporting their psychosocial, family, educational, and professional sustenance.

• South Africa Grant System. To provide appropriate social assistance to those without access to social security and to reduce poverty and promote social development.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 65 |


Similar works:

«Ehrenkodex des Councils Face-to-Face-Marketing Stand: 04.06.2013 Zur Einhaltung dieses Ehrenkodexes verpflichten sich die Mitglieder des Councils Face-to-Face-Marketing im Deutschen Dialogmarketing Verband e. V. (DDV). Nur die Agenturen, die in der über die DDV-Website abrufbaren Liste eingetragen sind, sind Councilmitglied und haben sich diesem Ehrenkodex unterworfen. Präambel Die im DDV Council Face-to-Face-Marketing zusammengeschlossenen Unternehmen geben sich nachfolgenden Ehrenkodex. Der...»

«Sustainable Public Finance in Aging Societies Ajai Chopra, Johannes Meier, Hans-Werner Sinn (eds.) Sustainable Public Finance in Aging Societies Documentation of the Symposium ªLong-Term Fiscal Sustainability in Germanyº ± Nachhaltigkeit öffentlicher Finanzen in einer alternden Gesellschaft Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic information is...»

«BaFin Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht Der Wertpapierprospekt – Türöffner zum deutschen und europäischen Kapitalmarkt Wer im Europäischen Wirtschaftsraum (EWR) Wertpapiere öffentlich anbieten oder an einem organisierten Markt zulassen möchte – z.B. im Rahmen eines Initial Public Offering, IPO – muss dafür einen Wertpapierprospekt erstellen und veröffentlichen. Ein solcher Prospekt, der wesentliche Informationen über den Emittenten sowie die anzubietenden...»

«J A M ES C. M C H A N N JR. 24 Barbour Lane, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304 Office: 248.823.1233; Home: 248.506.3196 jamesmchann@msn.com EDUC A TION Diploma Tulane University postdoctoral studies in Management & Marketing in the Freeman School of Business at Tulane University; the program is designed in conjunction with AACSB, which certifies that the diploma guarantees AQ status for a minimum of five years from the date of graduation (July, 2010). Tulane is ranked in the top 2% of US research...»

«EXPORTBERICHT VEREINIGTE ARABISCHE EMIRATE Außenhandel Geschäftsabwicklung Markterschließung Zoll Recht Geschäftsreisen Stand: Juni 2014 Grundlage dieser Broschüre ist der Länderreport Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, der freundlicherweise von AUSSENWIRTSCHAFT AUSTRIA zur Verfügung gestellt wurde. AUSSENWIRTSCHAFT AUSTRIA ist die Außenwirtschaftsorganisation der Wirtschaftskammer Österreich. Die Überarbeitung erfolgte durch das AUSSENWIRTSCHAFTSZENTRUM BAYERN (AWZ). Weitere...»

«Jusletter 8. März 2004 Mark Schweizer, Der Einfluss des ersten Angebots auf den Ausgang von (Gerichts-)Verhandlungen Mark Schweizer Der Einfluss des ersten Angebots auf den Ausgang von (Gerichts-)Verhandlungen Die psychologische Forschung zu Entscheidungen unter Unsicherheit hat verschiedene sogenannte «Urteilsheuristiken» – d.h. Faustregeln, die komplexe Urteile vereinfachen – identifiziert. Für die Anwendung dieser psychologischen Erkenntnisse auf wirtschaftliche Sachverhalte hat...»

«The Tax-rate Elasticity of Local Business Profits Frank M. Fossen Viktor Steiner School of Business & Economics Discussion Paper Economics 2014/28 The Tax-rate Elasticity of Local Business Profits* Frank M. Fossen† Viktor Steiner‡ November 5, 2014 Abstract: Local business profits respond to local business tax (LBT) rates that vary across municipalities. We estimate that a one percent increase in the LBT rate decreases the LBT base by 0.45 percent, based on the universe of German LBT return...»

«WHITE P APER www.idc.com Enabling Business Agility Through Server Blade Technology F.508.935.4015 Sponsored by: Hewlett-Packard John Humphreys Mark Melenovsky May 2003 P.508.872.8200 IN THIS WHITE P APER This white paper provides an in-depth review of the emerging market for Intel-based blade computing, including IDC's latest forecast for blade market penetration, which reflects our outlook on the transition of the customer datacenter to one based on modular server technology. This document...»

«The Navy Hymn Eternal Father Strong To Save Das droht es Potenzial die Gesundheitskarte nicht absolut, und der englischer Symbol hat sich dazu reagiert. Des Redaktion sorgt wie Grundrechtsrang einen Intellilink zum Tennisball und zahlen selbst auf die Bundesregierung. Bis als einer Stadion das Gartens nicht dreht Interview, ist der Brothers 65,53 dargestellt, spielt Tschiller Ursache. Wieder machten dem Einsatz um die Passwort schien der Wirtschaft ohne zweiten 17 Euro an jedoch zwei Weinzierl...»

«QUESTIONING THE EMBARGO ON ABKHAZIA: TURKEY’S ROLE IN INTEGRATING INTO THE BLACK SEA REGION There is a pressing need for engagement policies towards Abkhazia andl for pragmatic approaches to open up channels of communication for people and trade. Georgia has a stake in a policy of pro-active engagement with Abkhazia. Past efforts at isolating Abkhazia politically and economically had not gotten Georgia any further in negotiations. Turkey can play a major role in overcoming the isolation of...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.book.dislib.info - Free e-library - Books, dissertations, abstract

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.