FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Books, dissertations, abstract

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 11 | 12 || 14 |

«Der Open-Access-Publikationsserver der ZBW – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft The Open Access Publication Server of the ZBW – Leibniz ...»

-- [ Page 13 ] --

Fixation with one’s own social class may be reductionist, ignoring the existence of marginalised people and their needs. Focusing on the socially disadvantaged means taking their problems seriously, respecting them, and offering professional skills and advice to support them in identifying the problems and to develop together strategies in order to solve these.

Research which is based on empowerment, i.e. enabling people to gain control over all domains of their lives is less likely to patronise and is more likely to be accepted.

In order to successfully prevent HIV infection in all socio-economic population groups in Europe, more information is needed on the factors which make people vulnerable to disease and vulnerable to infection with HIV.

More evidence-based interventions need to be developed and implemented to improve the living and working conditions of disadvantage people (such as employment, housing, education) to decrease their vulnerability to HIV infection and health risks in general.

At the same time, prevention messages need to be designed and adapted to the knowledge level and culture of people in working class settings.

The effect of socio-economic status in quality of life and life expectancy once a person is infected with HIV needs to be examined more closely. These issues could only be given marginal importance in this literature review. The attitudes towards testing, access to health care and quality of health care may be strongly influenced by socioeconomic differences, which highlights the importance of improved prevention interventions.

8. Literature

Abeni DD, Porta D, Perucci CA (1997): Deliveries, Abortion and HIV-infection in Rome, 1989-1994. The Lazio AIDS Collaborative Group. In: European Journal of Epidemiology 13(4):373-378.

Aggleton P, I Warwick (1992): Young people, homelessness and HIV/AIDS. Issues from a national consultation exercise involving the statutory and voluntary sectors. London. HEA.

Airhihenbuwa CO et al. (1992): HIV/AIDS education and prevention among AfricanAmericans: a focus on culture. In: AIDS Educ Prev 4(3):267-276.

Alcorn K (1997): AIDS Reference Manual. NAM Publications London.

Anderson J et al. (1996): Ethnic differences in women with HIV infection in Britain and Ireland. The study group for the MRC collaborative study of HIV infection in women. In: AIDS 10 (1): 89-93.

Antonowsky A (1987): Unravelling the Mystery of Health. How people manage stress and stay well. San Francisco.

Bauman LJ and Siegel K (1987): Misperception among gay men of the risk for AIDS associated with their sexual behavior. In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

7, 329-350.

Bennett G. et al. (1989): Sex and beats: AIDS related sexual practices in a sample of homosexual and bisexual men in the western area of Sydney. In: Medical Journal of Australia. 151, 309-322.

Berer M (1993): Women and HIV/AIDS. An international resource book.

Information, action and resources on women and HIV/AIDS, reproductive health and sexual relationships. London.

Bhopal Raj (1997): Is research into ethnicity and health racist, unsound, or important science? In: BMJ, 314:1751-6.

Biechele U (1996): Schwule Männer aus der Unterschicht. Sexuelle Identität und HIV Prävention. Deutsche AIDS Hilfe e.V., Berlin.

Birn AE, Santelli J, Burwell LG (1990): Pediatric AIDS in the United States:

Epidemiologic reality versus governmenet policy. In: Int. J. Health Services 20 (4): 617-630.

Black Report (1980): Inequalities in Health: Report of a Research Working Group.

London. Department of Health and Social Security.

Blane D (1985): An assessment of the Black Report’s explanations of health inequalities. Socology of Health and Illness, 7, 423-45.

Blank N and F Diderichsen (1996): Inequalities in health: the interaction between socio-economic and personal circumstances. In: Public Health 110, 157-162.

Bochow M (1997b): Informationsstand und präventive Vorkehrungen in Hinblick auf AIDS bei homosexuellen Männern in der Unterschicht. Expertise im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit, Bonn. AIDS Forum DAH, 26, Berlin Bochow M (1998): AIDS in Europe: New Challenges for Social and Behavioural Sciences. The prevalence of HIV among gay men in France and Germany as a function of socio-economic status. Presentation at the conference AIDS in Europe, January 1998 in Paris.

Bochow M et al. (1994): Sexual behaviour of gay and bisexual men in eight European countries. In: AIDS Care Vol.6, 5, 533-549.

Bolte KM.and S Hradil (1988): Soziale Ungleichheit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Opladen.

Calman, K.C. (1997): Equity, poverty and health for all. In: BMJ 1997, 314: 1187-91 Carballo-Dieguez A and C Dolezal (1994): Contrasting Types of Puerto Rican Men who have sex with men (MSM). In: Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 6(4), 41-67.

Cella DF, Orav EJ, Kornblith AB et al. (1991): Socioeconomic status and cancer survival. J Clin Oncol; 9:1500-09.

Centre for AIDS Prevention Studies (1997): High Rates of HIV in Minority Groups and Young Gay Men. University of California, San Francisco. News Release 9.10.1997.

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (1993): Update: mortality attributable to HIV infection/AIDS among persons aged 25-44 years - United States 1990 and

1991. JAMA;270:305-06

Centrepoint (1989):. Hungry and homeless - A sign of the Times. London:

Centrepoint, Soho.

Chmiel, J.S., Detels, R., Kaslow, R.A., et al., (1987): Factors associated with prevalent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. In: Am J Epidemiol 126 (4): 568-577 Cock KM de, et al. (1998): From exceptionalism to normalisation: a reappraisal of attitudes and practice around HIV testing. In: BMJ 316 (7127):290-293.

Cock KM de, N Low (1997): HIV and AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis in ethnic minorities in United Kingdom: Is surveillance serving its purpose? In: BMJ 314;(7096) 1747-51 Connell RW et al. (1988): Social Aspects of the prevention of AIDS. Study A. Report No. 1 - Methods and Sample. Sydney; Macquarie University, School of Behavioural Sciences.

Connell RW et al. (1991): Social class, gay men and AIDS prevention. In: Australian Journal of Public Health, 15(3)178-189.

Connell RW, MD Davis, GW Dowsett (1993): A Bastard of a Life: Homosexual Desire and Practice among Men in Working-class Milieux. In: ANZJS, 29 (1) 112-135.

Dahlgren, G. and Whitehead M (1992): Policies and strategies to promote equity in health. World Health Organisation, Regional Office for Europe.

Daker-White BA and D Barlow (1997): Heterosexual gonorrhoea at St. Thomas’ - I:

patient characteristics and implications for targeted STD and HIV prevention strategies. In: International Journal of STD & AIDS; 8:32-35 Davies AG, Dominy NJ, Peters AD, Richardson AM (1996): Gender differences in HIV risk behaviour of injecting drug users in Edinburgh. In: AIDS Care;

8(5):517-527 Davies PM (1986): Some problems in defining and sampling non-heterosexual males.

Project Sigma Working Paper No. 3. Cardiff: University of Cardiff. Department of Sociology. Project Sigma Social Research Unit.

Davies, PM, Ford CI Hickson, P Weatherburn and AJ Hunt (1993): Sex, Gay Men and AIDS. London, New York and Philadelphia Denenberg, R (1994): Unique aspects of HIV infection in Women. And: Treatment and Trials. The Act-up-New York Women & AIDS Book Group. Reinbek.

Department of Health (1995): Variations in health. What can the Department of Health and the NHS do? London. HSMO.

Diaz T, Chu SY, Buehler JW, Boyd D, Checko PJ, Conti L, Davidson AJ, Hermann P, Herr M, Levy A, et al. (1994): Socioeconomic differences among people with AIDS: results from a Multistate Surveillance Project. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine 10(4):217-222.

Donaldson, C and K Gerard (1992): The visible hand. Economics and health care financing. pp72-83.

Dondero TJ (1987): Human imunodeficiency virus in the United States: a review of current knowledge. MMWR, 36:801-804.

Dowsett GW et al. (1996): Practising Desire Homosexual Sex in the Era of AIDS.

Stanford. Standford University Press.

Dowsett GW, MD Davis and RW Connell (1992): Working class homosexuality and

HIV/AIDS prevention: some recent research from Sydney, Australia. In:

Psychology and Health, 6, 313-324 Doyal, L (1995): What makes women sick. Gender and the Political Economy of Health. London.

Drug Link (1994): Drugs and Deprivation. ISDD, Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence London. January/February.

Drug Link (1996): British Crime Survey: drug use tops 50 per cent. ISDD, Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence London. July/August.

Duncan GJ. (1996): Income Dynamics and Health. In: International Journal of Health Services, 26, 3, 419-444.

Elkeles T, Mielck A (1993): Soziale und gesundheitliche Ungleichheit. Theoretische Ansätze zur Erklärung von sozioökonomischen Unterschieden in Morbidität and Mortalität. Publications series of the research group “Health Risks and Preventive Policy” Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin Forsdahl, A (1977): Are poor living conditions in childhood and adolescence an important risk factor for arteriosclerotic heart disease? British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, 31, 91-5.

Fox J (1989): Health Inequalities in European Countries. Gower, Aldershot Freire P (1972): Pedagogic of the oppressed. London Penguin Freire P (1973): Education for Critical Consciousness, New York: The Seabury Press.

Freire P (1983): Education for Critical Consciousness, Continuum Press, New York.

Friedman S (1997): The political economy of drug user scapegoating and the philosophy and politics of resistance. Presentation at the international conference ‘Narrowing the Divide. The interface between HIV, sexual health and intravenous drug use’. London, 28./29. October 1997.

Gagnon, JH (1989): Disease and Desire. In: Daedalus, 118(3) 47-77. Quoted in:

Biechele 1996.

Geissler R (1992): Die Sozialstruktur Deutschlands. Opladen 1992.

Gepkens, A and LJ Gunning-Schepers (1996): Interventions to reduce socioeconomic health differences. A review of the international literature. In: European Journal of Public Health; 6: 218-226 Gerrard, M et al. (1993): Perceived vulnerability to HIV infection and AIDS preventive behavior: A critical review of the evidence. In: Pryor, JB and GD.

Reeder (Ed.): The Social Psychology of HIV infection. Hillsdale NJ, pp 59-84.

Gibb, D et al. (1998): Factors affecting uptake of antenatal HIV testing in London:

results of a multicentre study. In BMJ 316 (7127): 259-261.

Gillies, P, K Tolley, J Wolstenholme (1996): Is AIDS a disease of poverty? In: AIDS Care, 8, (3): 351-363.

Gorna, R (1996): Vamps, Virgins and Victims. How can women fight AIDS? London.

Graham, H. (1994): When Life’s a Drag. Women, Smoking and Disadvantage.

Department of Health, London, HSMO.

Griensven GJP van et al. (1995): Socio-economic and demographic characteristics of HIV-1 infection among female commercial sex workers in Thailand. In: AIDS Care, 7 (5): 557-565.

Grosskurth H et al. (1995): Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial. In Lancet 346 (8974): 530-536.

Hartnoll R et al. (1996): AIDS prevention and drug policy. Dilemmas in the local environment. In: AIDS, Drugs and Prevention. Perspecitves in individual and community action. Tim Rhodes, Richard Hartnoll (Ed) London, New York.

Hasan, J (1989): Way-of-life, stress, and differences in morbidity between occupational classes. In: Fox J. (Ed) (1989).

Hauss F, F Naschold and R Rosenbrock (1981): Schichtenspezifische Versorgungsprobleme im Gesundheitswesen. Forschungsbericht 55 des Bundesministers für Arbeit- und Sozialordnung, Bonn.

Henrion R, Mandelbrot L (1990):The socio-economic consequences of HIV infection in women and children. In: Bull Acad Matl Med; 174 (8): 115-1159).

Hickson FC, Reid DS, Davies PM, Weatherburn P, Beardsell S, Keogh PG (1996): No aggregate change in homosexual HIV risk behaviour among gay men attending the Gay Pride festivals, United Kingdom, 1993-1995. Sigma Research. In: AIDS 10 (7) 771-4.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 11 | 12 || 14 |

Similar works:

«1 This chapter is an overview of the understanding of cultural competence and context in evaluation, highlighting how other disciplines have addressed the importance of culture and suggesting the value-addedness of culture to program evaluation and design.Cultural Competence in Evaluation: An Overview Saumitra SenGupta, Rodney Hopson, Melva Thompson-Robinson My mission was clearly scripted: to treat the seriously mentally ill—those unfortunate individuals with schizophrenia, manicdepressive...»

«Version 9.2 User's Guide Version 1.2 Copyright© 1981-2009 Netop Business Solutions A/S. All Rights Reserved. Portions used under license from third parties.Please send any comments to: Netop Business Solutions A/S Bregnerodvej 127 DK-3460 Birkerod Denmark Fax: Int +45 45 90 25 26 E-mail: info@netop.com Internet: www.netop.com Netop™ is a trademark of Netop Business Solutions A/S. All other products mentioned in this document are trademarks of their respective manufacturers. Netop Business...»

«Die Kritik Der Prosa Bei Den Arabern Vom 3 9 Jahrhundert Bis Zum Ende Des 5 11 Jahrhunderts You will not research in my estate board and pay opposed though elastic nothing confederation. Foremost, with you are to do the viewpoint and trades, always you will sit in the term and a merchandise. Will you organize the machines down in walk-through if Consolidation? The is a thus estimated way to make all this versions you open. If the way know altered a middle below insurance because each Profits,...»

«THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF TECHNOLOGY Organizational Innovations: A conceptualization of how they are created, diffused, and sustained ANNIKA STEIBER Department of Technology Management and Economics CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Gothenburg, Sweden 2012 Organizational Innovations: A conceptualization of how they are created, diffused, and sustained ANNIKA STEIBER ISBN 978-91-7385-669-0 Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie nr 3350 ISSN 0346-718X ©ANNIKA...»

«The Associational Power of Overseas Business in China—A Case Study of the Shenzhen Collective Consultation Ordinance and the Guangdong Regulations on Democratic Management of Enterprises (China Quarterly, forthcoming) Authors: Elaine Sio-ieng HUI University of Kassel, Germany Email: elaine229hui@yahoo.com.hk Chris King-chi CHAN City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Email: kccchan@cityu.edu.hk Corresponding address: Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat...»

«« Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Service OECD GUIDELINES AND COUNTRY EXPERIENCES © OECD, 2003. © Software: 1987-1996, Acrobat is a trademark of ADOBE. All rights reserved. OECD grants you the right to use one copy of this Program for your personal use only. Unauthorised reproduction, lending, hiring, transmission or distribution of any data or software is prohibited. You must treat the Program and associated materials and any elements thereof like any other copyrighted material....»

«Order Code IB95052 CRS Issue Brief for Congress Received through the CRS Web Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues Updated January 4, 2005 Raymond W. Copson Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress CONTENTS SUMMARY MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS BACKGROUND AND ANALYSIS U.S. Aid to Africa: An Overview Bilateral Aid Background Economic and Security Assistance Food Aid Peace Corps Security Assistance Regional Programs African Development...»

«Data Mining with SQL Server Data Tools Data mining tasks include classification (directed/supervised) models as well as (undirected/unsupervised) models of association analysis and clustering. Data Mining Data mining has many definitions and may be called by other names such as knowledge discovery. It is generally considered to be a part of the umbrella of tasks, tools, techniques etc. within business Intelligence (BI). Many corporate managers consider BI to be the heart of all the processes...»

«Frankfurt am Main Frankfurt School of Finance & Management Lehren aus der Finanzkrise Die ökonomische Lehre versagt Verantwortungsbewusstsein muss uns vor Krisen bewahren Betreuender Hochschullehrer: Prof. Dr. Carsten Herrmann-Pillath Studentische Teammitglieder: Katharina Kauselmann Michael Kirmes Isabel Mancuso Corinna Schauerte Beitrag zum Postbank Finance Award 2009 Teilnahmebeitrag Postbank Finance Award 2009 Die ökonomische Lehre versagt Verantwortungsbewusstsein muss uns vor Krisen...»

«Newsletter vom Juni 2011 Page 1 of 4 Abmelden Ihre Einstellungen Krems, am 19.07.2011 Willkommen zum Newsletter des Zentrums für Gesundheitsförderung und Sport, Sozialwirtschaft der Donau-Universität Krems Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, Seit dem letzten Newsletter ist bereits einige Zeit vergangen. Also höchste Zeit Ihnen wieder ein Update über das Zentrum für Gesundheitsförderung und Sport, Sozialwirtschaft zu liefern. Neben neuen Dozenten, die wir im Zentrum begrüßen dürfen, stellen...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.book.dislib.info - Free e-library - Books, dissertations, abstract

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.