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Der Open-Access-Publikationsserver der ZBW – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft

The Open Access Publication Server of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

Möller, Lioudmila et al.

Working Paper

Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market:

Country report of the EU tender Study on the functioning of land markets in those EU member

states influenced by measures applied under the Common Agricultura Discussion paper // Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe, No. 129

Provided in Cooperation with:

Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) Suggested Citation: Möller, Lioudmila et al. (2010) : Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market: Country report of the EU tender Study on the functioning of land markets in those EU member states influenced by measures applied under the Common Agricultura, Discussion paper // Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe, No. 129, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:gbv:3:2-10639

This Version is available at:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/32797

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zbw Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Leibniz Information Centre for Economics

DISCUSSION PAPER

Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe

IMPACT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF DECOUPLED PAYMENTS

ON FUNCTIONING OF THE GERMAN LAND MARKET.

COUNTRY REPORT OF THE EU TENDER: "STUDY ON THE

FUNCTIONING OF LAND MARKETS IN THOSE EU MEMBER

STATES INFLUENCED BY MEASURES APPLIED UNDER THE

COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY"

–  –  –

Theodor-Lieser-Straße 2, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany Phone: +49-345-2928 110 Fax: +49-345-2928 199 E-mail: iamo@iamo.de Internet: http://www.iamo.de Dipl. econ., M.A. phil. Lioudmila Möller1 is a research associate at the Department Structural Development of Farms and Rural Areas at the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO). Her research work is focusing on bioenergy production and real options.

Dipl.-Ing. agr. Sibylle Henter2 is a research associate at the Fachhochschule Südwestfalen, University of Applied Sciences. As part of her degree dissertation she was working on the paper of Land Markets.

Dipl.-Ing. agr. Konrad Kellermann1 is a research associate at the Department Structural Development of Farms and Rural Areas at the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO). His research work focuses on agent-based modelling with a special interest on modelling agricultural land markets and policy analysis.

Dr. Norbert Röder2 is a research associate at the Environmental Economics and Agricultural Policy Group at the Technische Universität München (TUM). His research work is focusing on agent-based modelling, land use in marginal areas, environmental impacts of farming systems and policy analyses.

Dipl.-Ing. agr. Christoph Sahrbacher1 is a research associate at the Department Structural Development of Farms and Rural Areas at the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO). His research work is focusing on agent-based modelling with a special interest on farm modelling and policy analyses.

Dipl. Ing. Martin Zirnbauer2 is a research associate at the Environmental Economics and Agricultural Policy Group at the Technische Universität München (TUM). His research work is focusing on the development of agricultural land markets.

Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO)

Address:

Theodor-Lieser-Straße 2 06120 Halle (Saale) Germany Phone: ++49-345-2928-317 Fax: ++48-12-6624-399 E-mail: moeller@iamo.de Internet: http://www.iamo.de Technical University München

Address:





Environmental Economics and Agricultural Policy Group Alte Akademie 14 85350 Freising Germany Discussion Papers are interim reports on work of the Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe and have received only limited reviews. Views or opinions expressed in them do not necessarily represent those of IAMO. Comments are welcome and should be addressed directly to the author(s).

The series Discussion Papers is edited by:

Prof. Dr. Alfons Balmann (IAMO) Dr. Stefan Brosig (IAMO) Prof. Dr. Gertrud Buchenrieder (IAMO) Prof. Dr. Thomas Glauben (IAMO) Dr. Daniel Müller (IAMO) Prof. Dr. Heinrich Hockmann (IAMO) Dr. Martin Petrick (IAMO) ISSN 1438-2172 Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market 3

–  –  –

Against the background of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003 the following analysis, brings into focus the responses of the agricultural sector to decoupled subsidies. In particular it addresses the impact of the Single Payment Scheme (SPS) on land sales and rent prices and therefore on farm structure. It also aims to assess the extent to which the reform advances sound and sustainable agriculture and provides incentives for marketorientated farming practices. The study is based on the analysis of statistical data and expert surveys conducted in three selected regions.

JEL: Q15, Q18 Кeywords: Land markets, midterm review, CAP, structural change.

–  –  –

AUSWIRKUNG DER ENTKOPPLUNG VON DIREKTZAHLUNGEN AUF DEN BODENMARKT IN DEUTSCHLAND

LÄNDERBERICHT DES EU TENDERS: "STUDIE DER FUNKTIONSWEISE DER BODENMÄRKTE IN VON

DEN MAßNAHMEN DER GEMEINSAMEN AGRARPOLITIK BETROFFENEN EU-MITGLIEDSSTAATEN"

Die vorliegende Studie untersucht den Einfluss der 2003 im Zuge der Reform der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) durchgeführten Entkopplung der Direktzahlungen auf den Agrarsektor in Deutschland. Besonderer Fokus der Analyse liegt auf der Auswirkung der einmaligen Zahlungen auf die Kauf- und Pachtpreise für das landwirtschaftlich genutzte Land. Des Weiteren wird die Förderung einer nachhaltigen und marktorientierten Landwirtschaft durch die GAP-Reform bewertet. Die Untersuchung basiert auf Auswertung statistischer Daten und auf Expertenbefragungen, welche in drei ausgewählten Bundesländern durchgeführt wurden.

JEL: Q15, Q18 Schlüsselwörter: Bodenmärkte, Halbzeitbewertung, GAP, Strukturwandel.

Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market 5

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract

Zusammenfassung

List of figures

List of tables

Abbreviations

Executive summary

1 Introduction

2 General characteristics of the German agriculture

2.1 Structure of economy

2.2 Farm charakteristics

2.3 Sales and rental market

2.4 Agricultural commodities

2.5 Animal stock

2.6 Organic farming

3 Data sources

4 Selection of the case study regions

5 Implementation of SPS

6 Political reasons

6.1 Eligible area in country

6.2 National reserve entitlements

6.3 Cross compliance

7 Agricultural land regulations

8 Land market development

8.1 Assessment of current situation

8.2 Sales market

8.3 Rental market

8.4 Specifics of the East German land market

8.4.1 New legal and economic conditions

8.4.2 The role of large-scale farms

8.4.3 BVVG as determinants of land value in the East Germany

9 Drivers of land values

9.1 Agricultural commodity prices

9.2 Agricultural productivity

9.3 Decoupled direct payments

9.4 Coupled and other payments

9.5 Farm size

9.6 Bio-energy

Lioudmila Möller et al.

9.7 Other factors

9.7.1 Soil quality

9.7.2 Competitions for areas

9.7.3 Labor force structure

10 Distribution of direct payments

10.1 SFP trade in Germany

10.2 Redistribution of payments till 2013

11 Effects on structural change

12 Effects of changes in SFP on land values

13 Genereal conclusion

References

Appendix

A.1 Regional report Bavaria

Executive summary

A.1.1 Introduction

A.1.2 Implementation of SPS

A.1.3 Agricultural land regulations

A.1.4 Land market developments

A.1.5 Drivers of land values

A.1.6 Distribution of direct payments

A.1.7 Effects on structural change

A.1.8 Effects of changes in SFP on land values

A.1.9 Conclusions

A.2 Regional report Lower Saxony

Executive summary

A.2.1 Introduction

A.2.2 Implementation of SPS

A.2.3 Agricultural land regulations

A.2.4 Land market developments

A.2.5 Drivers of land values

A.2.6 Distribution of direct payments

A.2.7 Effects on structural change

A.2.8 Effects of changes in SFP on land values

A.2.9 Conclusions

A.3 Regional report Saxony

A.3.1 Introduction

A.3.2 SPS implementation

A.3.3 Agricultural land regulations

A.3.4 Land market development

A.3.5 Drivers of land values

A.3.6 Distribution of direct payments

A.3.7 Effects on structural change

A.3.8 Effects of changes in SFP on land values

A.3.9 Conclusions

Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market 7

LIST OF FIGURES

–  –  –

Figure 31: Land transactions and land prices in Saxony

Figure 32: Average face value of payment entitlements per municipality in the Saxonian Loess Area

Figure 33: Development of the number of farms in Saxony

Figure 34: Farm structure according type of farm from 2003 to 2006

Impact of the introduction of decoupled payments on functioning of the German land market 9

LIST OF TABLES

Estimates for uniform regional payment entitlements in 2013

Table 1:

Share of not activated entitlements in 2005

Table 2:

Land sales market

Table 3:

Categories of different motivations for a transfer of entitlements.................. 40

Table 4:

Market value of traded entitlements

Table 5:

Stepwise introduction of regional model

Table 6:

Number of farms in different size classes in South East Upper Bavaria

Table 7:

(total number and respectively used UAA)

Type of farming in South East Upper Bavaria (number of farms,



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