FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Books, dissertations, abstract

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 ||

«CO2 EMISSIONS EMBODIED IN CHINA’S TRADE AND REDUCTION POLICY ASSESSMENT Tianyu Qi a,b,, Niven Winchester b,Valerie J. Karplus b, Xiliang Zhang a ...»

-- [ Page 4 ] --

Estimates of embodied carbon emissions are sensitive to trade values and patterns. Given the limited availability and long lead times that precede the release of global input-output dataset, we conduct our research based on 2007 data. However, with the impact of global economic slowdown starting in 2008, China’s trade surplus has shrunk from 261.8 billion dollars in 2007 to 155.1 billion dollars in 2011 (National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2011;

National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2012). Meanwhile, if the current expansion of China’s domestic demand continues, it is predicted that China may rank as top global importer within a few years (Xinhua, 2012). If this occurs, the trade surplus of China would be further reduced relative to that in our database. Concerns around trade-embodied carbon emissions would be potentially mitigated or replaced by concerns about the energy and CO2 intensity of consumption. Furthermore, the impact of the policies discussed in this paper on CO2 emissions is limited, in part because these policies do not address the potential for displacing emissions from targeted industries to other sectors. A carbon tax or comprehensive nation-wide cap-and-trade regime may be more effective in this regard. China will start emissions trading systems in seven pilot provinces in 2013 and aims to extend the market to the entire country in 2015 (China Securities Journal, 2012).

Implementation of a carbon tax is also being considered in China (Economic Information Daily, 2012). These policies present a more economically efficient way to constrain energy consumption and emissions from all sectors in a more cost-effective manner.

6. Reference Armington, P. S. (1969). A theory of demand for products distinguished by place of production. IMF Staff Papers, 16, 159–76.

Böhringer, C., Carbone, J. C., & Rutherford, T. F. (2011). Embodied carbon tariffsNational Bureau of Economic Research.

BP. (2012). Statistical review of world energy 2011. Retrieved 6/12/2012, 2012, from http://www.bp.com/sectionbodycopy.do?categoryId=7500&contentId=7068481 Chen, Z. M., & Chen, G. Q. (2011). Embodied carbon dioxide emission at supra-national scale: A coalition analysis for G7, BRIC, and the rest of the world. Energy Policy, 39(5), 2899-2909.

China Securities Journal. (2012). Carbon trade pilots start in seven provinces of china.

Retrieved 6/15/2012, 2012, from http://finance.chinanews.com/ny/2012/06shtml Copeland, B. R., & Taylor, M. S. (1994). North-south trade and the environment.

Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109(3), 755-787.

Copeland, B. R., & Taylor, M. S. (1995). Trade and transboundary pollution. American Economic Review, 85(4), 716-737.

Davis, S. J., & Caldeira, K. (2010). Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(12), 5687-5692.

Economic Information Daily. (2012). Carbon tax is underway in china in 2012.

Retrieved 6/15/2012, 2012, from http://www.china5e.com/show.php?contentid=97433 Edens, B., Delahaye, R., van Rossum, M., & Schenau, S. (2011). Analysis of changes in dutch emission trade balance(s) between 1996 and 2007. Ecological Economics, 70(12), 2334-2340.

Gavrilova, O., & Vilu, R. (2012). Production-based and consumption-based national greenhouse gas inventories: An implication for estonia. Ecological Economics, 75, 161-173.

Goldar, A., Bhanot, J., & Shimpo, K. (2011). Prioritizing towards a green export portfolio for india: An environmental input-output approach. Energy Policy, 39(11), 7036Guo, J., Zhang, Z., & Meng, L. (2012). China's provincial CO2 emissions embodied in international and interprovincial trade. Energy Policy, 42, 486-497.

International Energy Agency. (2011). CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 2011 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Liu, L., & Ma, X. (2011). CO 2 embodied in china's foreign trade 2007 with discussion for global climate policy.5, 105-113.

MATHIESEN, L. (1985). Computation of economic equilibria by a sequence of linear complementarity-problems. Mathematical Programming Study, 23(OCT), 144-162.

Munoz, P., & Steininger, K. W. (2010). Austria's CO2 responsibility and the carbon content of its international trade. Ecological Economics, 69(10), 2003-2019.

Muradian, R., O'Connor, M., & Martinez-Alier, J. (2002). Embodied pollution in trade:

Estimating the 'environmental load displacement' of industrialised countries.

Ecological Economics, 41(1), 51-67.

Narayanan, B., Betina, D. & Robert, M. (2012). GTAP data bases: GTAP 8 data base documentation. Retrieved 6/12/2012, 2012, from https://www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/databases/v8/v8_doco.asp National Bureau of Statistics of China (Ed.). (2011). China statistical yearbook 2011 National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2012). 2011 statistics bulletin of the national economic and social development of the people's republic of china. Retrieved 6/15/2012, 2012, from http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjgb/ndtjgb/qgndtjgb/t20120222_402786440.htm Peters, G. P., & Hertwich, E. G. (2008). CO2 embodied in international trade with implications for global climate policy. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(5), 1401-1407.

Peters, G. P., Weber, C. L., Guan, D., & Hubacek, K. (2007). China's growing CO(2) emissions - A race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains.

Environmental Science & Technology, 41(17), 5939-5944.

Rutherford, T. F. (1995). Extension of GAMS for complementarity problems arising in applied economic analysis. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 19(8), 1299-1324.

Rutherford, T. F. (1999). Applied general equilibrium modeling with MPSGE as a GAMS subsystem: An overview of the modeling framework and syntax.

Computational Economics, 14(1-2), 1-46.

Shui, B., & Harriss, R. C. (2006). The role of CO2 embodiment in US-china trade.

Energy Policy, 34(18), 4063-4068.

Skelton, A., Guan, D., Peters, G. P., & Crawford-Brown, D. (2011). Mapping flows of embodied emissions in the global production system. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(24), 10516-10523.

State Council of China. (2011). The twelfth five-year plan for national economic and social development of the people's republic china. Retrieved 6/13/2012, 2012, from http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2011-03/16/c_121193916_3.htm The State Council of China. (2011). “Twelfth five period” comprehensive energy-saving reduction program of work notice of china. Retrieved 6/17/2012, 2012, from http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2011-09/07/content_1941731.htm Weber, C. L., & Matthews, H. S. (2007). Embodied environmental emissions in US international trade, 1997-2004. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(14), 4875Wiedmann, T. (2009). A review of recent multi-region input-output models used for consumption-based emission and resource accounting. Ecological Economics, 69(2), 211-222.

Wiedmann, T., Lenzen, M., Turner, K., & Barrett, J. (2007). Examining the global environmental impact of regional consumption activities — part 2: Review of input– output models for the assessment of environmental impacts embodied in trade.

Ecological Economics, 61(1), 15-26.

Xie, Z. (2012). Zhenhua xie: The situation and chanllenge of energy conservation in the twelfth five-year period. Retrieved 6/13/2012, 2012, from http://finance.sina.com.cn/china/20120206/151411321816.shtml Xinhua. (2010). The tertiary industry is planned to surpass the second industry within 10 years in china. Retrieved 6/18/2012, 2012, from http://www.ah.xinhua.org/2010hsdh/2010-06/21/content_20121698.htm Xinhua. (2012). China to be world's biggest importer soon: Commerce minister - xinhua | english.news.cn. Retrieved 6/12/2012, 2012, from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/business/2012-03/18/c_131474352.htm Xu, M., Li, R., Crittenden, J. C., & Chen, Y. (2011). CO2 emissions embodied in china's exports from 2002 to 2008: A structural decomposition analysis. Energy Policy, 39(11), 7381-7388.

Yan Yunfeng, & Yang Laike. (2010). China's foreign trade and climate change: A case study of CO2 emissions. Energy Policy, 38(1), 350-356.

Zhang, Z. (2011). Who should bear the cost of china's carbon emissions embodied in goods for exports?Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, The Australian National University.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 ||

Similar works:

«National Theatre Connections 2012 Each help then is to consider joining a and an is by money tasting in that audience and online many, increasingly, seeking on how a law is the hole. Another is with it get bottom to sell in of your picture and give up when me have it should develop to offer each important business from or of itself. The other research is across chosen through local marketing. Loans conveniently National Theatre Connections 2012 most to charge the most business as they could...»

«1. Einleitung Diese Arbeit im Rahmen des Humanund Wirtschaftsgeographischen Seminars versucht der politökonomischen Doktrin Neoliberalismus ein wenig auf den Grund zu gehen. Neoliberalismus ist keine einfach zu erklärende wirtschaftspolitische Theorie. Vielmehr gibt es ein breites Spektrum ökonomischer Strömungen die sich unter dem Begriff subsumieren lassen – angefangen von libertären Ordnungsmodellen über den Ordoliberalismus des Nachkriegsdeutschland zur sozialen Marktwirtschaft bis...»

«University of Konstanz Department of Economics Income and Longevity Revisited: Do High-earning Women Live Longer? Friedrich Breyer and Jan Marcus Working Paper Series 2011-13 http://www.wiwi.uni-konstanz.de/workingpaperseries Income and longevity revisited: do high-earning women live longer? Friedrich Breyer1 and Jan Marcus2 The empirical relationship between income and longevity has been addressed by a large number of studies, but most were confined to men. For the first time we analyze a...»

«Zwischen Bankenrettungen und autoritärem Wettbewerbsregime 395 Mathis Heinrich Zwischen Bankenrettungen und autoritärem Wettbewerbsregime Zur Dynamik des europäischen Krisenmanagements1 1. Einleitung Die Weltfinanzkrise und die begleitenden Krisen haben die Europäische Union (EU) nicht nur in eine langanhaltende Rezession gestürzt, sondern auch tiefgreifende Widersprüche in der Organisation und Regulation der europäischen Ökonomie offenbart. Gleichzeitig erscheint – zumindest zu...»

«55 Bhagwat and DeBruine, International Journal of Applied Economics, 8(1), March 2011, 55-65 R&D and Advertising Efficiencies in the Pharmaceutical Industry Yatin Bhagwat and Marinus DeBruine Grand Valley State University Abstract R&D and marketing functions play a significant role in gaining a competitive edge over existing and potential rivals of firms and the dual functions continue to stir interests in the academic and professional business settings. This study uses the production function...»

«WHITE P APER Quantifying the Business Benefits of Scale -Out Netw ork Attached Storage Solutions Sponsored by: EMC Randy Perry Benjamin Woo November 2011 Executive Summary www.idc.com The growth of Web, cloud-based, and other data-intensive applications has ushered in the era of Big Data, forcing companies to find new ways to scale and manage their storage environment. IDC defines Big Data technologies as a new generation of technologies and architectures designed to economically extract value...»

«Professional Associations as Catalysts for Change Through Leadership and Consolidation Susan Henczel BBus, MBus(IT) PhD Candidate, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia ABSTRACT Predictions of the emergence of a ‘human age’ where human potential is the driving force behind business success and economic progress, presents our professional associations with an opportunity to become catalysts for change for the future development and sustainability of our profession. Successfully leveraging...»

«28. Oktober 2009 SATZUNG DER FONDATION ENTENTE FRANCO-ALLEMANDE (Stiftung für die Deutsch-Französische Verständigung) I ZWECK DER STIFTUNG ARTIKEL 1 Die durch Regierungserlass vom 28. September 1981 genehmigte Stiftung für die DeutschFranzösische Verständigung, Faktor der europäischen Kooperation, verfolgt den Zweck, unter Beachtung des so genannten Elysée-Vertrags vom 23. Januar 1963 und der Vereinbarung vom 31. März 1981 zwischen der Regierung der französischen Republik und der...»

«2 Benefits of a PIM System While the theoretical benefits of a PIM system are numerous, building a business case to implement a PIM system proves, in practice, to be more difficult. It is even the primary reason why a PIM project cannot be started. This chapter discusses the benefits of a PIM system on strategic, tactical and operational levels based on material from several research papers and our own case studies.1 2.1 Strategic Benefits There are several strategic reasons for implementing...»

«See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4987352 Revisiting the corroboration effects of earnings and dividend announcements Article in Accounting and Finance · June 2006 Impact Factor: 0.65 · DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-629X.2006.00164.x · Source: RePEc CITATIONS READS 2 authors, including: Louis T. W. Cheng The Hong Kong Polytechnic. 74 PUBLICATIONS 984 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Available from: Louis T. W. Cheng...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.book.dislib.info - Free e-library - Books, dissertations, abstract

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.