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«Summary Both Austria and Japan have a small-scaled agricultural structure and a high share of farms managed part-time. Family farming is the ...»

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Emotional factors such as interest give daughters more chances to become farm successors. Thanks to the development of old-age pension and health security systems, aged parents and their successors are able to live independently, which helps to relieve the generational conflicts and to pass farmland to the next generation more smoothly.

On the other hand in Japan, the patriarchal farm succession pattern is still alive because of the traditional Ie ideology. Farmland ownership is generally inherited by the eldest son after his father’s death. Prolonged life expectancy delays the timing of inheritance and extends the duration of two generations living together. The relationship between mother- and daughter-in-law is complicated. Farm work and family life in a stem-family household discourage marriage to male successors. Young women’s satisfaction in family farming is a keyword for secure farm succession.

In recent years more women are entering the management of family farms in Austria, and in many regions, daughters are increasingly becoming farm successors. In Japan the patriarchal farm succession pattern is still alive. If there is no male heir the family farm is closed down rather than have a daughter become successor.

Acknowledgements Support for these interviews was provided by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and their 2005 and 2006 Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research.

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92 Otomo and Oedl-Wieser

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